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Trillium pusillum

Phonetic Spelling
TRIL-ee-um pus-ILL-um
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Perennial herb; stem unbranched with 3 leaves at the top; flower solitary, either erect above the leaves or pendant on a curved stalk, 3-parted, white, yellow, pink, or maroon-purple; fruit a berry.

Smallest trillium in the Southeast, with 5 varieties in NC. Colonizes. Fragrant, pedicillate flowers. Cultivars available. Varieties ozarkanum and pusillum NC Endangered species; var. pusillum Federally Endangered. 

Var. ozarkanum: dry to dry-mesic slopes, in NC under Quercus coccinea and Kalmia latifolia

var. pusillum: calcareous soils of savannas and swamp forests in the lower Coastal Plain

var. 4: swampy or bottomland forests along small streams in the upper Coastal Plain

var. 5: swampy forests

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems.  Slugs and snails are occasional pests and leaf spot, rust and smut are occasional disease problems. It does not transplant well.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#acidic soil tolerant#food source summer#herbaceous perennial#Coastal FACW#rich soil#food source nectar#slopes#stream banks#full shade#food source mid-summer#moth#perennial#small flowers#wildflower garden#dry soil#forests#white#summer fruits#Piedmont Mountains FACW#part sun#part shade#forb#late spring flowers#shade garden#food source pollen#insects#fragrant flowers#food source#cutting garden#perennial flowers#berry#shade tolerant#moth larvae#coastal plant#fragrant#herbaceous#white fruits#dry soils tolerant#pink flowers#small groups#bees#swamps#colonies#well-drained soil#fruit#shade#fruits#early spring flowers#pollinator plant#food source soft mast fruit#woodland#food source herbage#native#native wildflower#mammals#small plant#native perennial#acidic soil#deep shade#small mammals#coastal#small group plantings#small and large mammals#white flowers#food source soft-mast fruit#coastal areas#spring interest#moths#partial sun#small group#shade flowers#mountains#audubon#larval host plant#native garden#HS302#partial shade#white berries#showy flowers#forest#moist soil#summer interest#naturalized area#perennials#pink#spring flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Trillium
    Species:
    pusillum
    Family:
    Melanthiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern and south-central United States
    Distribution:
    Forest or natural area in rich woods.
    Wildlife Value:
    Bees and other pollinating insects enjoy the nectar from the flowers. Moths use this plant as a larval host. Small mammals enjoy the berries as a food source.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Fragrance
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Edibility:
    EDIBLE PARTS: Young, unfolding leaves HARVEST TIME: Only collect leaves from areas you know have NOT been treated with pesticides. SAFE HANDLING PROCEDURES: Wash leaves in warm water to remove dirt and debris. Do not use dish detergent or any type of sanitizer. These products can leave a residue. Cook in boiling, salted water for ten minutes and serve like greens. SOURCE: Crowhurst, A. 1972. The Weed Cookbook. Lancer Books, Inc. New York, 190 pp.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 3 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 8 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Wildflower
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    White
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    In North Carolina, the white fruits are available from June to July.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Flower Description:
    Up to 1 in. petals that turn from white to pink or purple; short to long-stalked. In North Carolina, flowers are available from March to May. White to pinkish in color with a white ovary.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Oblong
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Whorl of three small (usually less than 3 in.), narrow, oblong lance-shaped leaves.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Unknown
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Toxicity unknown, but caution because of its relationship with known toxic plants.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Roots