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Similar but less problematic plants:
Ulmus parvifolia Ulmus parvifolia
Ulmus pumila is often confused with:
Ulmus x 'Cathedral' Ulmus x 'Cathedral'
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Populus deltoides Populus deltoides
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
Buddleja x weyeriana Buddleja x weyeriana

Ulmus pumila

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ULM-us POO-mil-uh
Description

Very adaptable tree, fast-growing and often grows in poor soils and withstands drought. It is resistant to Dutch elm disease has been used to develop other elms with resistance.  It is generally is considered a poor ornamental tree, mostly because of its weak branches, messy habit, and susceptibility to insect attack, especially leaf beetles. It can form large colonies with its copious seed formation and is considered invasive in some states. Uses would be in poor soils for erosion control in areas where ornamental value is not a consideration.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  The leaves often eaten by elm leaf beetle. Other problem insects include borers, leaf miners,  mealy bugs, caterpillars, and scale. It is resistant but not immune to dutch elm disease and phloem necrosis. It suffers from various wilts, rots, and cankers.   

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Chinkota' - Seed-produced line of extra cold-hardy trees.
  • 'Coolshade' - Resistance to limb breakage during storms
  • 'Improved Coolshade' - Drought tolerant, hardy, resistant to limb breakage
  • 'Lincoln'
    Resistant to Dutch elm disease
  • 'Morton Plainsman' (Vanguardâ„¢)-
    Good disease resistance and tolerance of harsh climatic and cultural situations
  • 'New Horizon' -
    Resistance to Dutch elm disease and tolerance of harsh growing conditions
  • Pendula' -
    Branches that show a more weeping habit
Tags:
#sun#deciduous#invasive#drought tolerant#weedy#high maintenance#air pollution tolerant#brittle wood#fast growing
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Chinkota' - Seed-produced line of extra cold-hardy trees.
  • 'Coolshade' - Resistance to limb breakage during storms
  • 'Improved Coolshade' - Drought tolerant, hardy, resistant to limb breakage
  • 'Lincoln'
    Resistant to Dutch elm disease
  • 'Morton Plainsman' (Vanguardâ„¢)-
    Good disease resistance and tolerance of harsh climatic and cultural situations
  • 'New Horizon' -
    Resistance to Dutch elm disease and tolerance of harsh growing conditions
  • Pendula' -
    Branches that show a more weeping habit
Tags:
#sun#deciduous#invasive#drought tolerant#weedy#high maintenance#air pollution tolerant#brittle wood#fast growing
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ulmus
    Species:
    pumila
    Family:
    Ulmaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Asia, Siberia
    Distribution:
    Most of the US, especially in the west and midwest.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    High
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Spring
    Fruit Type:
    Samara
    Fruit Description:
    The fruit consists of a dry, compressed nutlet surrounded by a thin, membranous wing
  • Flowers:
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Flowers develop, in drooping clusters, in the spring.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblong
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    1-3 inch dark green leaves
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Bark Description:
    The bark is a light gray-brown with irregular furrows and is often streaked with stains caused by bacterial wetwood
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Slope/Bank
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Pollution
    Poor Soil
    Problems:
    Frequent Insect Problems
    Messy