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Lonicera fragrantissima

Description

Considered invasive in many states- consider planting native plants.

The easy to grow Winter Honeysuckle thrives in well-drained soil and full sun. This large, wide, spreading, rounded deciduous or semi-evergreen (in the South) shrub with cane-like growth is best for the middle or back of the border. Typically it grows from 6.5 feet to 9 feet high and wide but may reach 12 to 15 feet high and wide. Leaves look like other honeysuckle leaves but are wider and more rounded. Small, white flowers start in January and continue through March. The fragrance is consistent with a hint of lemon. It transplants readily, is tolerant of high pH, is tolerant of poor soils, but is intolerant of wet conditions. Winter Honeysuckle can fit in today’s smaller landscapes when used as a cutback shrub. Because it blooms early on growth from last year, it can be cut back close to the ground right after flowering and allowed to grow and flower the next winter. In addition to being a great ornamental, it is an excellent winter nectar source for honey bees and is effective for winter garden fragrance.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Opposite, ovate leaves
  • Creamy white, very fragrant lemon-scented flowers grow in pairs
  • Fruit is a red berry of two basally fused ovaries
  • Stipular scar forming a line across the stem
  • Exfoliating bark, cane-like growth, and arching stems

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#white#sun#deciduous#partial shade#drought tolerant#spring#white flowers#red berries#winter interest#playground#transplant#children's garden#winter garden#non-native#rapid grower#fantz#poor soils tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#white#sun#deciduous#partial shade#drought tolerant#spring#white flowers#red berries#winter interest#playground#transplant#children's garden#winter garden#non-native#rapid grower#fantz#poor soils tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Lonicera
    Species:
    fragrantissima
    Family:
    Caprifoliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China
    Wildlife Value:
    Honey bees and pollinators feed on winter flower nectar.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Fragrance
    Dimensions:
    Height: 6 ft. 6 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Multi-stemmed
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    This plant produces dark red, heart-shaped, berries that form from two basally fused ovaries and are .3" in size. These berries are often hidden in the foliage.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Gold/Yellow
    Pink
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Winter
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are borne in peduncled pairs, are creamy white tinged with pink or red, two-lipped, lemon-scented and very fragrant, axillary, and bloom in the late winter to early spring.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Dull, opposite, simple, elliptic to broad ovate, blue-green to dark green leaves are 1-3" long and wide. They have a non-showy fall color and are evergreen in warmer climates.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Stems are brown, glabrous, and have a stipular scar forming a line across the stem at each node.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Recreational Play Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Black Walnut
    Deer
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Poor Soil