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Winter-flowering Honeysuckle Lonicera fragrantissima

Phonetic Spelling
luh-NIS-er-a fray-gran-TISS-ih-muh
Description

Lonicera fragrantissima is considered invasive in many states. The seeds are dispersed by birds and mammals that eat the berries. It can form a dense understory thicket restricting native plant growth and tree seedling establishment. Consider planting native plants.

The easy to grow Winter Honeysuckle thrives in well-drained soil and full sun. This large, wide, spreading, rounded deciduous or semi-evergreen (in the South) shrub with cane-like growth is best for the middle or back of the border. Typically it grows from 6.5 feet to 9 feet high and wide but may reach 12 to 15 feet high and wide. Leaves look like other honeysuckle leaves but are wider and more rounded. Small, white flowers start in January and continue through March. The fragrance is consistent with a hint of lemon. It transplants readily, is tolerant of soil pH and poor soils but is intolerant of wet conditions.

Winter Honeysuckle can fit in today’s smaller landscapes when used as a cutback shrub. Because it blooms early on growth from last year, it can be cut back close to the ground right after flowering and allowed to grow and flower the next winter. In addition to being a great ornamental, it is an excellent winter nectar source for honey bees and is effective for winter garden fragrance.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#white#arching#sun#deciduous#partial shade#drought tolerant#white flowers#red berries#winter interest#playground#black walnut#fast growing#xeriscape#transplant#spreading#deer resistant#children's garden#non-native#rounded#spring interest#pollinator plant#fantz#poor soils tolerant#border back#dry soils tolerant#winter garden
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#white#arching#sun#deciduous#partial shade#drought tolerant#white flowers#red berries#winter interest#playground#black walnut#fast growing#xeriscape#transplant#spreading#deer resistant#children's garden#non-native#rounded#spring interest#pollinator plant#fantz#poor soils tolerant#border back#dry soils tolerant#winter garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Lonicera
    Species:
    fragrantissima
    Family:
    Caprifoliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China
    Wildlife Value:
    Honey bees and pollinators feed on winter flower nectar. Birds and small mammals eat the berries.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Fragrance
    Dimensions:
    Height: 6 ft. 6 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Erect
    Multi-stemmed
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    This plant produces dark red, heart-shaped, berries that form from two basally fused ovaries and are .3" in size. These berries are often hidden in the foliage.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Gold/Yellow
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Good Cut
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Winter
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are borne in peduncled pairs, are creamy-white tinged with pink or red, two-lipped, lemon-scented and very fragrant, axillary, and bloom in the late winter to early spring.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Dull, opposite, simple, elliptic to broad ovate, blue-green to dark green leaves are 1-3" long and wide. They have a non-showy fall color and are evergreen in warmer climates.
  • Bark:
    Bark Description:
    Exfoliating bark, cane-like growth, and arching stems
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Stems are hollow with stringy, tan bark and are often purple when young, glabrous, and have a stipular scar forming a line across the stem at each node.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Recreational Play Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Black Walnut
    Deer
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Erosion
    Poor Soil