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Ulmus parvifolia

Description

Chinese elm is a large deciduous shade tree in the Ulmaceae family.  The bark provides winter interest as exfoliation leaves irregular spots of orange, gray, green and brown. It is a tough, durable tree and easy to transplant. Chinese Elm makes an excellent street or urban tree that is resistant to Dutch elm disease and air pollution. It tolerates being planted in wet sites and is moderately salt tolerant. It is adaptable to different soil and pH types. There is great variability among seedlings.

Insects, Diseases and Other Plant Problems:  It also has good resistance to Japanese beetle and elm leaf beetle. Good resistance to Dutch elm disease, a fatal fungal disease spread by airborne bark beetles.  It occasionally experiences disease problems like wilts, rots, cankers and leaf spots. Branches can break when stressed with snow, ice, or wind. 

Cultivars:
Tags:
#deciduous#shade tree#bark#drought tolerant#salt tolerant#winter interest#clay soil#urban#air pollution tolerant#street tree#wet sites#showy bark#cpp
Cultivars:
Tags:
#deciduous#shade tree#bark#drought tolerant#salt tolerant#winter interest#clay soil#urban#air pollution tolerant#street tree#wet sites#showy bark#cpp
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ulmus
    Species:
    parvifolia
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Root Cutting
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Asia
    Dimensions:
    Height: 40 ft. 0 in. - 60 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 50 ft. 0 in. - 60 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Rounded
    Vase
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Samara
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit is an oblong, flattened, papery winged-samara
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    Male and female flowers on the same tree are inconspicuous and bloom in autumn.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    .7 to 2.5-inch green leaves with an uneven base and yellowish to reddish-purple fall color
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Light Gray
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
    Bark Description:
    Multicolored exfoliating bark
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Lawn
    Landscape Theme:
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Salt
    Wet Soil