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Ginkgo biloba

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
GIN-koh bih-LOW-bah
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Large deciduous tree 50' to 80' in height and 30' to 40' in width; leaves alternate, simple, fan-shaped; seeds (only on female trees) plum-like, yellow-orange, the outer, fleshy pulp foul-smelling when ripe, the inner wall hard, smooth, and cream colored. Grey-brown bark in ridges. 

Messy fruit; plant male trees, yellow leaves fall rapidly in fall; drought, heat, air pollution, and moderately salt tolerant; easy to transplant; long-lived.  Resistant to damage by deer.  Excellent city tree.  Popular for bonsai.

Site: Sun; range of soil types except wet soil

Excellent urban tolerant tree for its sculptural shape the quality of light it creates on the street. The streets of New York exemplify the use of the GinkGo as a street tree. Zone 8 and 9 in the Southeast. 

Ginkgo biloba is a prehistoric tree, it disappeared from the North American fossil record about 7 million years ago and has since been introduced from a country or countries.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#poisonous#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#specimen#bonsai#salt tolerant#tsc#air pollution tolerant#street tree#playground#cpp#deer resistant#children's garden#edible garden#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#poisonous#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#specimen#bonsai#salt tolerant#tsc#air pollution tolerant#street tree#playground#cpp#deer resistant#children's garden#edible garden#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ginkgo
    Species:
    biloba
    Family:
    Ginkgoaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China South-Central and China Southeast
    Play Value:
    Sound
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wind Shimmer
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    This tree is resistant to damage by deer, excellent city tree.
    Edibility:
    The seed, freed of the outer pulp and washed, is boiled or roasted and eaten and also available in Asian food stores
    Dimensions:
    Height: 50 ft. 0 in. - 80 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 30 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Poisonous
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Horizontal
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    more than 60 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Seeds (only on female trees) plumlike, yellow-orange, the outer, fleshy pulp foul-smelling when ripe, the inner wall hard, smooth, and cream colored. (female trees bear the fruit) tan to orangish in color, plum like shape, actually a naked seed, extremely messy.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Green
    Orange
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Dioecious, male flowers born on shoots as catkins (March-April); the female flower on a short pedicel bearing 1 or 2 greenish ovules.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Smooth
    Soft
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    2-3 in. emerald green, fan-shaped, alternate, simple leaf in clusters of three to five; yellow fall color. Dichotomously veined in clusters.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Imbricate mounded acute.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Recreational Play Area
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Design Feature:
    Specimen
    Street Tree
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Heat
    Pollution
    Salt
    Urban Conditions
    Problems:
    Contact Dermatitis
    Malodorous
    Messy
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    TOXIC ONLY IF LARGE QUANTITIES EATEN. SKIN IRRITATION MINOR OR LASTING ONLY FOR A FEW MINUTES. Irritation of the skin following contact with the juice of the seed pulp; irritation of lips, mouth, and throat and stomach pain, nausea, and diarrhea after eating the pulp.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    An alkyl phenol and ginkgolic acid
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Seeds