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Ginkgo biloba 'Bryson City'

Description

Ginkgo biloba is a deciduous conifer (a true gymnosperm) that can mature to a whopping 100' tall. A living fossil, it is the only surviving member of a group of ancient plants believed to have inhabited the earth over 150 million years ago. (Is it possible that the vile smell of the fruit attracted dinosaurs to consume and later discharge the berries, helping spread the seeds?) Is it also popular for use in bonsai and can be kept artificially small for centuries.

An upright, columnar, male selection of Ginkgo that has been a proven performer here in North Carolina, ‘Bryson City’ Ginkgo was brought from China and planted in 1941 by Mary Bryson Tipton. Mrs. Tipton, a missionary, was forced to leave when Japan invaded China. Bryson City was named after Mrs. Tipton’s family. The original tree grows in downtown Bryson City.

Ethnobotany:  The extract of the ginkgo leaves has been used pharmaceutically, but mainly used as a memory-enhancer and an anti-vertigo treatment. Gingko nuts are considered to have aphrodisiac qualities.

Seasons of Interest:

      Foliage: Fall, yellow

Wildlife Value:  Ginkgos have no wildlife value.  It is over-planted in today’s cities which decreases wildlife diversity in the urban environment. 

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Can be allergenic; for those sensitive, it produces a skin dermatitis similar to poison ivy. This tree is deer-resistant.

 

More information on Ginkgo biloba.

Cultivars:
  • 'Bryson City'
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#bonsai#interesting leaves#messy#cpp
Cultivars:
  • 'Bryson City'
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#bonsai#interesting leaves#messy#cpp
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ginkgo
    Species:
    biloba
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No