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Ginkgo Ginkgo biloba 'Bryson City'

Other Common Name(s):

Other plants called Ginkgo:

Phonetic Spelling
GING-ko bi-LOW-buh
Description

Ginkgo biloba is a deciduous conifer (a true gymnosperm) that can mature to a whopping 100' tall. A living fossil, it is the only surviving member of a group of ancient plants believed to have inhabited the earth over 150 million years ago. (Is it possible that the vile smell of the fruit attracted dinosaurs to consume and later discharge the berries, helping spread the seeds?) Is it also popular for use in bonsai and can be kept artificially small for centuries.

An upright, columnar, male selection of Ginkgo that has been a proven performer here in North Carolina, ‘Bryson City’ Ginkgo was brought from China and planted in 1941 by Mary Bryson Tipton. Mrs. Tipton, a missionary, was forced to leave when Japan invaded China. Bryson City was named after Mrs. Tipton’s family. The original tree grows in downtown Bryson City.

Ethnobotany:  The extract of the ginkgo leaves has been used pharmaceutically, but mainly used as a memory-enhancer and an anti-vertigo treatment. Gingko nuts are considered to have aphrodisiac qualities.

Seasons of Interest:

      Foliage: Fall, yellow

Wildlife Value:  Ginkgos have no wildlife value.  It is over-planted in today’s cities which decreases wildlife diversity in the urban environment. 

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Can be allergenic; for those sensitive, it produces a skin dermatitis similar to poison ivy. This tree is deer-resistant.

 

More information on Ginkgo biloba.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Bryson City'
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#bonsai#interesting leaves#messy#cpp
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Bryson City'
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#bonsai#interesting leaves#messy#cpp
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ginkgo
    Species:
    biloba
    Family:
    Ginkgoaceae
    Dimensions:
    Height: 50 ft. 0 in. - 100 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 30 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Columnar
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Width:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Most of the ornamental ginkgoes in the United States are male as female trees produce a plum-like fruit about an inch in diameter that is attractive, but gives off a vile odor after falling to the ground
  • Flowers:
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Description:
    Insignificant. Ginkgos are dioecious (separate male and female trees). Male plants produce small pollen cones with sporophylls. Female plants produce ovules at the end of a stalk. Fertilization occurs via motile sperm, as in cycads, ferns, mosses and algae
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Ginkgos have distinctive two-lobed, somewhat leathery, fan-shaped, rich green leaves with diverging (almost parallel) veins. Leaves turn bright yellow gold in fall. Ginkgo trees are commonly called maidenhair trees in reference to the resemblance of their fan-shaped leaves to maidenhair fern leaflets (pinnae). Ginkgoes have the curious habit, in mid-fall, of dropping all of their leaves virtually at one time, usually following a heavy rainstorm. One autumn day, the bright foliage will be intact on the graceful spire-like tree; then, the next morning, the ground underneath the bare branches will be carpeted with its vivid leaves.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Street Tree
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heat
    Pollution
    Salt
    Wind