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Sweet Betsy Trillium cuneatum

Other plants called Sweet Betsy:

Phonetic Spelling
TRIL-ee-um kew-nee-AH-tum
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Trillium cuneatum, commonly referred to as Sweet Betsy, is a perennial wildflower native to the piedmont and mountains of North Carolina. In nature, it can be found in rich soils of cove forests, moist slopes, and bottomlands, usually over mafic or calcareous rocks; locally abundant. 

Perennial herb; stem unbranched with 3 leaves at the top; flower solitary, either erect above the leaves or pendant on a curved stalk, 3-parted, white, yellow, pink, or maroon-purple; fruit a berry.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems.  Slugs and snails are occasional pests and leaf spot, rust and smut are occasional disease problems. It does not transplant well.

See this plant in the following landscapes:
Shaded Slope
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#acidic soil tolerant#food source summer#herbaceous perennial#maroon#rich soil#food source nectar#loamy soil#slopes#moth#perennial#small flowers#wildflower garden#summer fruits#part sun#part shade#purple fruits#neutral ph#forb#late spring flowers#shade garden#food source pollen#low maintenance#cutting garden#perennial flowers#organic soils#berry#food source flowers#shade tolerant#green#moth larvae#green flowers#banks#yellow#food source spring#herbaceous#piedmont#purple berries#yellow flowers#spring fruits#bees#well-drained soil#fruit#shade#mid-spring flowers#fruits#early spring flowers#pollinator plant#food source soft mast fruit#berries#food source herbage#native#native wildflower#small plant#native perennial#acidic soil#loamy soils tolerant#small mammals#edible plant#loam#flies#small and large mammals#green fruits#food source soft-mast fruit#spring interest#malodorous#moths#partial sun#shade flowers#mountains#audubon#malodorus#maroon flowers#larval host plant#native garden#HS302#partial shade#edible leaves#wildlife plant#showy flowers#moist soil#summer interest#perennials#pollen plant#spring flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Trillium
    Species:
    cuneatum
    Family:
    Melanthiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern United States
    Distribution:
    Forest or natural area in rich woods.
    Wildlife Value:
    Bees and other pollinating insects enjoy the nectar from the flowers. Moths use this plant as a larval host. Small mammals enjoy the berries as a food source.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Edibility:
    EDIBLE PARTS: Young, unfolding leaves HARVEST TIME: Only collect leaves from areas you know have NOT been treated with pesticides. SAFE HANDLING PROCEDURES: Wash leaves in warm water to remove dirt and debris. Do not use dish detergent or any type of sanitizer. These products can leave a residue. Cook in boiling, salted water for ten minutes and serve like greens. SOURCE: Crowhurst, A. 1972. The Weed Cookbook. Lancer Books, Inc. New York, 190 pp.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 9 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Wildflower
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Fruits are green and may have purple streaks. In North Carolina, fruits are available from May to June.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Fragrant sessile flowers.; up to 3 in. maroon petals; 3 petals; ill scented; stalkless. In North Carolina, flowers are mainly maroon and are available from March to April. Green and yellow forms exist.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Weakly mottled leaves.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Slope/Bank
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Shade Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Problems:
    Malodorous
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Unknown
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Unknown
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Roots