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Goldenrod Solidago petiolaris

Phonetic Spelling
so-li-DAY-go pet-ee-OH-lair-iss
Description

Downy Golden Rod is a short native perennial in the daisy family that is found in southeast and south-central USA and in all areas of NC. It has striking yellow flowers in clusters that attract a variety of pollinators and beneficial insects. It blooms in fall to late fall when nectar plants can be in short supply.

Plant in average moist to dry soils with good drainage in sun to partial sun. It may need to be staked. Use in the native/pollinator garden or in woodland and naturalized areas.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#fall flowers#wildlife plant#moths#yellow flowers#native perennial#NC native#native garden#larval host plant#predatory insects#nectar plant fall#NC Native Pollinator Plant#late summer flowers#flowers early fall#butterfly friendly#nectar plant late summer#nectar plant early fall#nectar plant mid-fall#pollinator garden#wavy-lined emerald butterfly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#fall flowers#wildlife plant#moths#yellow flowers#native perennial#NC native#native garden#larval host plant#predatory insects#nectar plant fall#NC Native Pollinator Plant#late summer flowers#flowers early fall#butterfly friendly#nectar plant late summer#nectar plant early fall#nectar plant mid-fall#pollinator garden#wavy-lined emerald butterfly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Solidago
    Species:
    petiolaris
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Mid to southern U.S.A., Mexico
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , CO , FL , GA , IL , KS , LA , MO , NC , NE , NM , OK , SC , TX
    Wildlife Value:
    This plant supports Wavy-lined Emerald (Synchlora aerata) larvae. Flowers attract bees, wasps and 112 species of butterflies and moths.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Achene
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Bullet-shaped achenes with small tufts of hair distributed by the wind.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Radial
    Flower Petals:
    7 - 20 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Yellow flowers bloom in a cylindrical panicle 4-10 inches long. Individual flowers have 5-10 ray florets that surround a dense head of 8-20 disk florets. Blooms from August to October.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Rough
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Green to yellow-green leaves are alternate and 1-4" long and ¼–1" across. Shape is elliptic to broadly elliptic, or lanceolate-elliptic. The margins are entire to slightly toothed toward their tips. The upper surface has minute stiff hairs giving it a rough feel. The under surface is lighter in color with hairs along the veins. Leaves are stemless or have very short stems. Abundant leaves are produced and become smaller as they ascend the stems.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Stems are green to reddish-green, terete and sparsely to moderately short-pubescent.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Moths
    Pollinators