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Ilex cornuta

Common Name(s):
Chinese holly
Cultivar(s):
'Burford', 'Dwarf Burford', 'Carissa'
Categories:
Shrubs, Trees
Comment:

Drought and heat tolerant; use as a small tree or hedge; can be severely pruned. 'Burford' is a very popular cultivar. Often used as a small tree. Will become overgrown on small residential sites.

Wildlife Value:  Fruits are attractive to birds. Flowers attract bees.  Members of the genus Ilex support the following specialized bee: Colletes banksiThis plant is resistant to damage by deer.

Height:
8-25 ft.
Foliage:
Alternate, simple dark green leaves; 1.5-4 in. long; three strong spines on apex; one or two spines at base
Flower:
Small, dull white flowers in spring; 0.2-0.3 in. bright to dull red berries; persists into winter
Zones:
7-9
Habit:
Evergreen
Site:
Sun; range of soil types; drought and heat tolerant
Texture:
Medium to coarse
Form:
Upright, rounded shrub that can be trained into a small tree or hedge
Width:
5-10 ft.
Growth Rate:
Moderate
Tags:
heat tolerant, small tree, bees, drought tolerant, nectar, hedge, specialized bees, honey bees, wildlife, pollinators, deer resistant, evergreen

NCCES plant id: 1581

Ilex cornuta Ilex cornuta
Kahlil, CC BY-NC-SA - 2.0
Ilex cornuta Ilex cornuta 'Burford'
Maggie, CC BY-NC-2.0
Ilex cornuta I. cornuta leaf detail: Burford Chinese, Dwarf Burford, Carissa
Maggie, CC BY-NC-2.0