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Ilex x attenuata 'Fosteri'

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
EYE-leks at-ten-yoo-AY-tuh FOS-ter-ee
Description

Hybrid between I. cassine and I. opaca. Foster's Holly is a small evergreen tree that is densely pyramidal and grows up to a little over 3' tall. It is fast growing and is a heavy fruiter, producing red fruits that persist through winter. This plant is moderately salt tolerant, has known pest problems, and is mildly resistant to damage by deer. 

Quick ID Hints:

  • Leaves are alternate, dark green, coriaceous.
  • Leaves have spines on the upper half.
  • Leaf bases are cuneate (not attenuate).
  • Plant produces persistent red berries.
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'East Palatka'
    spines on end of leaf
  • 'Foster No. 2'
    darker green, narrow leaves
  • 'Hume No. 2'
    small leaves
  • 'Savannah'
    fast grower, good berry production
Tags:
#bees#evergreen#birds#small tree#red berries#wildlife plant#nectar plant#salt tolerant#playground#specialized bees#food source#fast growing#cpp#deer resistant#children's garden#red fruits#pollinator plant#fantz#food source winter
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'East Palatka'
    spines on end of leaf
  • 'Foster No. 2'
    darker green, narrow leaves
  • 'Hume No. 2'
    small leaves
  • 'Savannah'
    fast grower, good berry production
Tags:
#bees#evergreen#birds#small tree#red berries#wildlife plant#nectar plant#salt tolerant#playground#specialized bees#food source#fast growing#cpp#deer resistant#children's garden#red fruits#pollinator plant#fantz#food source winter
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ilex
    Family:
    Aquifoliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Florida, USA
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruits are attractive to birds. Flowers attract bees. Some birds and animals feed on the fruit and foliage in the winter. Members of the genus Ilex support the following specialized bee: Colletes banksi.
    Play Value:
    Buffer
    Edible fruit
    Screening
    Wildlife Food Source
    Dimensions:
    Height: 20 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 4 in.
    Width: 7 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Conical
    Erect
    Open
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Spines
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Very Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    This plant heavily produces round, red berries that persists into winter and are less than an inch long and wide.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Inconspicuous, white flowers that are less than an inch in axils.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Smooth
    Waxy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Oblong
    Ovate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are 1 1/2" - 3" long. They are alternate, simple, elliptic to oblong-ovate, and spinose with 1-4 spiny teeth on each side. Leaves are glossy and dark green and can grow to be a little under 3" long.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Lawn
    Recreational Play Area
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Salt