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Similar but less problematic plants:
Quercus palustris Quercus palustris
Quercus rubra Quercus rubra
Quercus coccinea is often confused with:
Quercus schumardii Quercus schumardii
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Quercus phellos Quercus phellos
Quercus shumardii Quercus shumardii
Quercus falcata Quercus falcata, bark

Scarlet Oak Quercus coccinea

Other Common Name(s):

This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Scarlet oak is best known for its brilliant autumn color. It is a large rapid-growing tree of the Eastern United States found on a variety of soils in mixed forests, especially light sandy and gravelly upland ridges and slopes. In commerce, the lumber is mixed with that of other red oaks. Scarlet oak is a popular shade tree and has been widely planted in the United States and Europe.

Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating.

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  Leaf spots, anthracnose, canker, mildew, rust, rots, galls, and numerous insect problems have been reported. This tree is highly susceptible to oak wilt. However, this tree is long-living, durable and considered to be a low-maintenance tree to grow.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#birds#shade tree#poisonous#wildlife plant#host plant#fall interest#street tree#small mammals#low flammability#NC native#black bears#wild turkeys#deer resistant#blue jays#fire resistant#Braham Arboretum
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#birds#shade tree#poisonous#wildlife plant#host plant#fall interest#street tree#small mammals#low flammability#NC native#black bears#wild turkeys#deer resistant#blue jays#fire resistant#Braham Arboretum
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Quercus
    Species:
    coccinea
    Family:
    Fagaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Native Americans and pioneers have eaten the acorns raw or cooked. They have been ground into a powder and used as a thickening in stews etc or mixed with cereals for making bread. Roasted acorns have been ground and used as a coffee substitute. The bitterness of the tannins is removed by leaching in running water.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern United States, southern Canada.
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV. found along the eastern United States as far south as Georgia and North Into Maine.
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    The Scaret oak is a host plant for the Banded Hairstread, Edward's Hairstreak, Grey Hairstreak, White-M Hairstreak, Horace's Duskywing, and Juvenal's Duskywing butterflies.  Acorns are eaten by woodpeckers, blue jays, small mammals, wild turkey, white-tailed deer, and black bear.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Resistant to fire and to damage by deer.
    Edibility:
    Acorns can be eaten once to tannins have been leached out.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 50 ft. 0 in. - 70 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 40 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Open
    Pyramidal
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    The fruit is an acorn (1/2" to 1" long) that occurs singly or in pairs and is half covered by a deep cap. Bitter in taste. Trees must be at least 20 years old to produce seeds but often don’t until they are over 50.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Flower Description:
    The Scarlet Oak is monoecious (having the stamens and the pistils in separate flowers on the same plant), with neither male (drooping catkins) nor female (solitary or clustered) flowers being showy.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves of the Scarlet Oak are 3-6" long, alternate, simple, lustrous, dark green and deeply cut with bristle-tipped & sinuses and 7 pointed lobes. The foliage is a glossy green in summer turning to scarlet in fall.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Bark Description:
    The bark is brown with fine fissures and scaly ridges, the inner bark is red to orangish-pink.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Specimen
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Dry Soil
    Fire
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Stomach pain, constipation and later bloody diarrhea, excessive thirst and urination if young leaves or raw acorns eaten.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Gallotannins, quercitrin, and quercitin.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Leaves
    Seeds