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Quercus falcata

Common Name(s):

  • Southern Red Oak
  • Water Oak
This plant has low severity poison characteristics
See below
Description

Quercus falcata, commonly called southern red oak or Spanish oak, is a medium to large deciduous oak that typically matures to 60-80’ tall. It is native from New Jersey to Florida west to southern Illinois, southern Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas. It is primarily found growing in upland areas (dry often sandy hills) but is occasionally found in valleys and bottomland areas along rivers. This is an ornamentally attractive oak with a straight trunk and an open rounded crown. With age, the smooth bark becomes dark in color with broad scaly ridges separated by deep, narrow furrows.    The hard strong wood is coarse-grained and used for general construction, furniture, and fuel.

 

Seasons of Interest: 

     Bloom:  Early Spring    Fruit/Seed/Nut:  Fall

 

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  Oaks, in general, are susceptible to a large number of diseases, including chestnut blight, shoestring root rot, anthracnose, oak leaf blister, cankers, leaf spots and powdery mildew.  This tree is highly susceptible to oak wilt. Potential insect pests include scale, oak skeletonizer, leaf miner, galls, oak lace bugs, borers, caterpillars and nut weevils.

Cultivars:
Tags:
#butterflies#deciduous#birds#shade tree#poisonous#bark#wildlife plant#wildlife tree#host plant#street tree#small mammals#cpp#low flammability#black bears#wild turkeys#deer resistant#acorns#wood peckers#crows#fire resistant
Cultivars:
Tags:
#butterflies#deciduous#birds#shade tree#poisonous#bark#wildlife plant#wildlife tree#host plant#street tree#small mammals#cpp#low flammability#black bears#wild turkeys#deer resistant#acorns#wood peckers#crows#fire resistant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Quercus
    Species:
    falcata
    Family:
    Fagaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern United States
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    It is a host plant for the Banded Hairstread, Edward's Hairstreak, Grey Hairstreak, White-MouM Hairstreak, Horace's Duskywing, and Juvenal's Duskywing butterflies.  The acorns are eaten by woodpeckers, blue jays, white-breasted nuthatches, American crows, small mammals, wild turkey, white-tailed deer and black bear.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Resistant to fire and moderately resistant to damage by deer.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 60 ft. 0 in. - 80 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 40 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full Sun (Direct sunlight 8+ hours a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    more than 60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Orange
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Fruits are small globular acorns (to 1/2” long) that have an orange hairy cap that covers less than 1/3 of the nut. Acorns appear in September-October, but require two growing seasons to mature.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Insignificant monoecious (having the stamens and the pistils in separate flowers on the same plant.) flowers appear in spring in male catkins (yellowish green) and in female clusters (red tinged).
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves which are alternate and simple are typically 4-9” long and are variable on the same tree (obovate to broad oval with 3 to 9 pointed bristle-tipped lobes and rounded bases). The leaves are dark green above and pale green below. They remain on the tree late into fall with insignificant reddish brown fall color.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Bark Description:
    With age, the smooth bark becomes dark in color with broad scaly ridges separated by deep, narrow furrows.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Flowering Tree
    Shade Tree
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Poor Soil
  • Poison:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Stomach pain, constipation and later bloody diarrhea, excessive thirst and urination.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Gallotannins, quercitrin, and quercitin.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Leaves
    Seeds