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Quercus falcata is often confused with:
Quercus laevis Quercus laevis
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Quercus phellos Quercus phellos
Quercus alba Quercus alba
Quercus rubra Quercus rubra

Quercus falcata

Phonetic Spelling
KWER-kus fal-KAY-tuh
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Southern Red Oak is a native deciduous tree that may grow 60 to 90 feet tall. It is naturally found on poor upland soils in much of eastern and central USA. It should be grown in full sun to part shade on well-drained, acidic, sandy loam or clay loam soils. It is drought tolerant but will tolerate occasional flooding.

Use this tree for shade in parks and residential areas. Its drought tolerance makes it especially useful as a street tree. The acorns attract a variety of birds and mammals.

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  There is a large number of potential problems. Except for oak wilt, no pests or diseases are of major concern. Caterpillars can defoliate trees. Fall cankerworm has been a problem in some years.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#butterflies#deciduous#birds#shade tree#songbirds#poisonous#bark#wildlife plant#native tree#host plant#street tree#playground#host#small mammals#food source#cpp#low flammability#NC native#black bears#wild turkeys#deer resistant#acorns#wood peckers#crows#children's garden#fire resistant#edible fruits#Braham Arboretum#food source fall
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#butterflies#deciduous#birds#shade tree#songbirds#poisonous#bark#wildlife plant#native tree#host plant#street tree#playground#host#small mammals#food source#cpp#low flammability#NC native#black bears#wild turkeys#deer resistant#acorns#wood peckers#crows#children's garden#fire resistant#edible fruits#Braham Arboretum#food source fall
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Quercus
    Species:
    falcata
    Family:
    Fagaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Wood is used for general construction, food, furniture, shade and fuel. Native Americans ate the acorns and utilized the southern red oak in a variety of ways to treat illness.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern United States
    Distribution:
    New Jersey to Florida west to southern Illinois, southern Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas. Found along the southeast from New Jersey to northern Florida and east along the gulf coast states into Texas.
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    It is a host plant for the Banded Hairstread, Edward's Hairstreak, Grey Hairstreak, White-MouM Hairstreak, Horace's Duskywing, and Juvenal's Duskywing butterflies.  The acorns are eaten by woodpeckers, blue jays, white-breasted nuthatches, American crows, small mammals, wild turkey, white-tailed deer and black bear.
    Play Value:
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Moderately resistant to damage by deer.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 60 ft. 0 in. - 90 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 50 ft. 0 in. - 60 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Oval
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    more than 60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Oval to round acorn with a bowl-shaped cap that is warty with hairs and covers the top 1/3 of the nut. Acorns require two growing seasons to mature. The fruit is borne solitary or in pairs.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Flowers appear in spring in male catkins and in female clusters
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Obovate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The deeply lobed leaves are dark green above and pale green with hairs below and are 8-12 inches long and 4-8 inches wide. Leaves have 3-5 sharply pointed bristle-tipped lobes and a u-shaped base. They remain on the tree late into fall with insignificant reddish brown fall color.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Bark Description:
    With age, the thin, smooth bark becomes dark in color with broad scaly ridges separated by deep, narrow furrows.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Orange
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Bud Terminal:
    Cluster of terminal buds
    Stem Cross Section:
    Angular
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Small branches have smooth medium gray bark while twigs are orange-brown, angular, and short-pubescent.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Meadow
    Recreational Play Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Edible Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Poor Soil
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Stomach pain, constipation and later bloody diarrhea, excessive thirst and urination.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Gallotannins, quercitrin, and quercitin.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Leaves
    Seeds