Plant DetailShow Menu

Big Blue Lilyturf Liriope muscari

Previously known as:

  • Liriope exiliflora
  • Liriope gigantea
Phonetic Spelling
lih-RYE-oh-pee mus-KAY-ree
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Lilyturf is a broadleaf evergreen, clump-forming, perennial in the Asparagaceae (asparagus) family. The name liriope is derived from new Latin and is a nymph in Roman mythology.  Though it may resemble an ornamental grass it is not a true grass.

Lilyturf requires acidic to neutral well-drained soils in full sun to partial shade. It will tolerate almost full shade but growth is slow and leaves are elongated. 

Narrow, grass-like leaves grow up to 24 inches tall and are long-lasting. This low maintenance plant blooms in late summer with spikes of purple flowers that are followed by nearly black berries.

In their first year they will need regular watering to keep soils moist but once they are established they require very little supplemental irrigation.  They are light feeders and benefit from a slow-release or organic fertilizer applied in the early spring.  To maintain an attractive appearance, cut back tops each February before new growth begins.  It is normally not necessary to propagate liriope plants as they are aggressive growers though this plant is less aggressive than L. spicata.

Use lilyturf for edging, rock gardens, containers, in woodland settings, or as a ground cover. It is drought and deer tolerant, moderately salt-tolerant, and can be used as a lawn alternative for lawns that receive occasional light foot traffic. 

Quick ID Hints:

  • Plant is acaulescent 
  • Berries are aborted before winter
  • Linear leaves are about 0.5 to 1 inch wide
  • Plant is rhizomatous

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Anthracnose, leaf and crown rot, slugs, and snails are occasional problems though it is a mostly problem free plant.

More information on Liriope.

See this plant in the following landscapes:
Lush Foundation Planting Cottage Style Foundation Planting Backyard Planting Woodland Walk Four-Season Garden Asian Garden- Pathway
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Evergreen Giant', 'Marc Anthony', 'Royal Purple', 'Silver Sun', 'Silvery Sunproof', 'Variegata', 'Webster'
Tags:
#evergreen#drought tolerant#perennial#showy#salt tolerant#shade garden#lawn alternative#low maintenance#cpp#edging#herbaceous#deer resistant#lavender flowers#groundcover#grass-like#fantz#foot traffic tolerant#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#container plants
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Evergreen Giant', 'Marc Anthony', 'Royal Purple', 'Silver Sun', 'Silvery Sunproof', 'Variegata', 'Webster'
Tags:
#evergreen#drought tolerant#perennial#showy#salt tolerant#shade garden#lawn alternative#low maintenance#cpp#edging#herbaceous#deer resistant#lavender flowers#groundcover#grass-like#fantz#foot traffic tolerant#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#container plants
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Liriope
    Species:
    muscari
    Family:
    Asparagaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Wildlife Value:
    Deer and rabbit resistant
    Play Value:
    Defines Paths
    Textural
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 6 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 8 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Blue
    Green
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Fruits are a 1/3" globose berry that start green and ripen to a shiny black.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers small, purple, densely clustered, 6-parted, and appear on an elongated 6-8" spike-like raceme with congested rachis. Blooms late summer.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Slippery
    Smooth
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are narrow, grass-like, linear-ligulate, 1" X 2', dark green.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Stems are acaulescent.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Patio
    Pool/Hardscape
    Walkways
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Erosion
    Foot Traffic
    Heavy Shade
    Pollution
    Poor Soil
    Rabbits
    Salt
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    No cases are known, but caution due to a relationship with known toxic plants
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Unknown
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits