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Liriope spicata

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
lih-RYE-oh-pee spih-KAH-tah
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

This plant is very tolerant of adverse conditions, but it can be invasive; drought and highly salt-tolerant.  It is often used as a lawn alternative.

Wildlife Value: This plant is mildly resistant to damage by deer

It is a perennial, evergreen, tufted or rhizomatous herb with leaves that are straplike up to 18-inches long, dark green turning to bronze-green in winter.  Flowers are spike-like clusters of pale violet to white, 6-parted, on an elongated stem, that flower in mid to late summer. The fruit is a blue-black berry.

It forms a dense, uniform cover, unlike Liriope muscari, which forms clumps until well established several years after planting. This plant spreads quickly by rhizomes and can invade adjacent turf areas or other ground cover beds. Therefore, this liriope may be best suited for planting in a bed surrounded by hardscape or confined with an edging (root barrier) that is 18 inches deep. it will grow well underneath trees or around shrubs. However, like other liriope, it will not tolerate regular foot traffic.  Liriope beds can be mowed each spring before the new growth begins to eliminate last year's unsightly foliage.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

More information on Liriope.

Cultivars:
  • 'Silver Dragon'
Tags:
#evergreen#drought tolerant#salt tolerant#lawn alternative#apvg#cpp#deer resistant
Cultivars:
  • 'Silver Dragon'
Tags:
#evergreen#drought tolerant#salt tolerant#lawn alternative#apvg#cpp#deer resistant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Liriope
    Species:
    spicata
    Family:
    Asparagaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 8 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Poisonous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Blue
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    spike-like clusters of pale violet to white, 6-parted, on an elongated stem
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Straplike 18-inch dark green leaves turn bronze-green in winter
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Salt
  • Poison:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    No cases are known, but caution due to a relationship with known toxic plants
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Unknown
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits