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Ophiopogon japonicus

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
oh-fee-oh-POH-gon jah-PON-ih-kus
Description

Dwarf Lilyturf is a highly salt-tolerant evergreen groundcover that grows up to 1' tall, is grasslike, and has a dwarf mounding form. Its leaves are finer than Liriope spp., however these two species have similar forms. This evergreen groundcover forms a mat by runners.

This plant is a turf alternative for shady areas and should be mowed yearly. Dwarf selections are slow-growing and are utilized with water, rocks, block cylinders, slopes, edging beds, model railroading, and in interior pot plants to show off the ornamental, translucent blue fruits that are hidden in the foliage. This plant prefers shade and moist, well-drained soils. It is sun tolerant and relatively pest-free, but foliage can be disfigured by slugs.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Leaves are very narrow and less than an inch wide
  • Inflorescence is hidden and the peduncle is flattened
  • Fruits are cobalt blue
  • Grass-like groundcover, mounding, stoloniferous
See this plant in the following landscapes:
Dry Stream Garden Water Feature Dry Stream Garden Asian Garden- Japanese Asian Garden- Zen Garden Asian Garden- Japanese Shaded Patio Garden
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Black Dragaon', 'Nana'
Tags:
#evergreen#blue#shade tolerant#salt tolerant#moist soil#cpp#well-drained soil#deer resistant#blue berries#sunshine#grass like#fantz#berry#groundcovers that can be mowed#HS302
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Black Dragaon', 'Nana'
Tags:
#evergreen#blue#shade tolerant#salt tolerant#moist soil#cpp#well-drained soil#deer resistant#blue berries#sunshine#grass like#fantz#berry#groundcovers that can be mowed#HS302
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ophiopogon
    Species:
    japonicus
    Family:
    Aspsaragaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China, Korea, Japan
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Mondo grass is resistant to damage by deer, and is highly salt tolerant.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 0 ft. 10 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Ornamental Grasses and Sedges
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Mounding
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Blue
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit is a globose berry, opalescent or metallic blue in color, less than an inch in diameter, and are hidden in the foliage.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are few, nodding, pale lilac to white, and hang loosely on a raceme. Raceme's are short (2-4" long), flattened, and are hidden in foliage. Rachis are lateral on the flattened peduncle. Flowers bloom in the summer.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are simple, entire, linear, grass-like, erect arching apically, are dark green, and grow up to 16" long and less than an inch wide.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Stems have lateral underground stolons that terminate in daughter plants and are mat-forming by runners.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Container
    Houseplants
    Lawn
    Patio
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Black Walnut
    Deer
    Foot Traffic
    Heavy Shade
    Insect Pests
    Rabbits
    Salt