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Similar but less problematic plants:
Lythrum salicaria Lythrum salicaria
Echinacea purpurea is often confused with:
x Rudbeckia Close up of flower
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Monarda didyma Monarda didyma
Hibiscus moscheutos Hibiscus moscheutos
Coreopsis lanceolata flowers and leaves
Echinacea purpurea has some common insect problems:
Japanese Beetle

Echinacea purpurea

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ek-in-AY-shee-ah pur-PUR-ee-ah
Description

Echinacea purpurea, commonly called purple coneflower, is a coarse, rough-hairy, herbaceous perennial that is native to moist prairies, meadows and open woods of the central to southeastern United States (Ohio to Michigan to Iowa south to Louisiana and Georgia). The Purple coneflower is an excellent, long-blooming flower for massing in the border, meadow, native plant garden, naturalized area, wildflower garden or part shade area of a woodland garden.

 "Echinacea"  is derived from the Greek word echinos which means sea-urchin or hedgehog, referring to the pointy cone found in the center of flowers in this genus.

The Purple coneflower is easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Best in full sun. It is an adaptable plant that is tolerant of drought, heat, humidity and poor soil.

After a big summer display plants flower sporadically until frost; both the pink and white cultivars make good cut flowers.  Divide clumps when they become overcrowded (about every 4 years). White cultivars usually rebloom without deadheading, however, prompt removal of spent flowers improves general appearance. Freely self-seeds if at least some of the seed heads are left in place.

Fire Risk: This plant has medium flammability rating. Consider plants with a low flammability rating for the sites nearest your home.

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: Japanese beetle and leaf spot are occasional problems of the Purple Coneflower. It is susceptible to aster yellows disease.

Cultivars:
Tags:
#bees#purple#white#butterflies#drought tolerant#perennial#salt tolerant#apvg#cpp#fire#medium flammability#pollinator garden
Cultivars:
Tags:
#bees#purple#white#butterflies#drought tolerant#perennial#salt tolerant#apvg#cpp#fire#medium flammability#pollinator garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Echinacea
    Species:
    purpurea
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Root Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern USA
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    This plant is highly resistant to damage from deer. Its flowers are attractive to bees, butterflies and other pollinators. Songbirds, especially American goldfinches, eat the seeds.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    drought tolerant, slightly salt tolerant, slightly deer resistant
    Edibility:
    Medicinal herb
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Good Dried
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    The dead flower stems will remain erect well into the winter, and if flower heads are not removed, the blackened cones may be visited by goldfinches or other birds that feed on the seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Radial
    Flower Petals:
    more than 20 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Showy daisy-like purple coneflowers (to 5" diameter) that bloom throughout the summer atop stiff stems. Good fresh cut or dried flower.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Rough
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves of the Purple coneflower can be simple or branched, often bristly with a hairy stem. The leaves are roughish above and sharply toothed. The basal leaves are 3-8 in. long, egg-shaped, 5-veined and stalked. The upper leaves are lance-shaped, stalkless, and much smaller. The leaves are dark green.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    stiff, hairy stems
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Heat
    Humidity
    Poor Soil
    Salt