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Queen Anne's Lace Daucus carota

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
DAW-kus kar-OH-tah
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
This plant is an invasive species in North Carolina
Description

Erect, biennial herb; leaves basal and alternate, 2-pinnately divided with narrow segments; flowers small, white, in a terminal, umbrella-shaped cluster; fruit small, dry, ribbed, with bristly hairs.  Introduced from Europe, considered invasive in the southeast.

HARVEST TIME: Only collect plants from areas you know have not been treated with pesticides and are not near highways. Gather leaves during the spring. The roots are collected during the spring. Use flowers during the summer. The small seeds are found during late summer.

SAFE HANDLING PROCEDURES: Wash edible parts thoroughly with warm water. Do not use dish detergent or any type of sanitizer as these products can leave a residue. Cook as greens or use fresh in salads. Also, add to stews for seasoning. Parboil for a few minutes, pour off the liquid, and then cook until tender. Leaves can be dried and later added to other foods as seasonings. First-year root growth (those plants not blooming) are tender and are used like domestic carrots. When using older roots, remove the hard core after cooking, and allow the soft pulp and the juices to flavor the other foods cooked. The fresh flower heads can be battered and fried like fritters, or can be used to make jelly. Fill a pot full of fresh flowers, cook for 15 minutes, strain and add "Sure-gel" to the liquid as if making a fruit jelly. Final product is slightly gelled. Gather and use as a seasoning for soups and stews. In addition, the seeds can be used like caraway seeds to top breads.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#white#butterflies#sun#invasive#poisonous#partial shade#summer#wildflowers#weedy#pollinator plant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#white#butterflies#sun#invasive#poisonous#partial shade#summer#wildflowers#weedy#pollinator plant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Daucus
    Species:
    carota
    Family:
    Apiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Biennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe, Eastern Asia and northern Africa
    Edibility:
    Leaves, roots, flowers, and seeds
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Poisonous
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Achene
    Fruit Description:
    Small, dry, and ribbed with bristly hairs
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Umbel of small white flowers in a lacy-looking flat-topped cluster; 3-4 in. wide; deep purple floret in the center
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Rosulate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Basal and alternate, 2-pinnately divided and deeply cut into numerous narrow segments
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Bristly, hairy stem
  • Landscape:
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Problems:
    Invasive Species
    Poisonous to Humans
    Weedy
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    TOXIC ONLY IF LARGE QUANTITIES EATEN. Skin irritation from cell sap and in light.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Falcarinol
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Leaves
    Sap/Juice