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Euphorbia maculata

Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Chamaesyce maculata L.
Phonetic Spelling
kam-ay-SY-kee mak-yuh-LAH-tuh
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

If you want a mat-like covering with that look of old England, then this plant is for you. The plant will spread to about 6-18" across and 1" tall, but if it is competing with other vegetation, the stems will grow up to 6" in height. This fast-spreading plant looks like a patchwork quilt with its reddish color, green and delicate white flowers.

Spurges are summer annual weeds that flourish in warm weather, but in warmer climates, some can persist into late fall. Plants flower in summer and early fall, then die after frost. Flowers are greenish-white and stems turn pale red in reaction to bright sunlight. Spurges are some of the most common warm-season weeds in container nurseries. Each exudes a milky sap when stems or leaves are broken.

Spotted and Ground Spurge: These similar spurges have prostrate to ascending stems with simple, opposite, and round or oblong leaves. Some have a large dark purple spot on the leaf blade and small teeth along the margins. Seedlings are very small but will flower when young. The cup-shaped "flowers" are axillary with the petal-like appendages on the rim white to pinkish. This plant is a prolific seeder. Seeds have limited or no dormancy and germinate quickly. 

Management for Spurges: Because spurges flower when young and have little or no seed dormancy, weed populations can increase rapidly. Remove plants when young to reduce seed production. They are time-consuming to hand weed due to the number of seedlings that form. Some species may forcefully discharge seeds. Spurges are well-managed by most preemergence herbicides labeled for use.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#white#sun#poisonous#full sun#annual#summer#white flowers#weed#weedy#summer annual weed#weeds#mat#sap#late fall#weed control#milky sap#warm#warm climates#groundcover#poor soils tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#white#sun#poisonous#full sun#annual#summer#white flowers#weed#weedy#summer annual weed#weeds#mat#sap#late fall#weed control#milky sap#warm#warm climates#groundcover#poor soils tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Euphorbia
    Species:
    maculata
    Family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 1 in. - 0 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Weed
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Ascending
    Erect
    Prostrate
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    Seeds grow fast and have little to no dormancy period
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Pink
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Plants flower in summer and early fall, then die after frost. The cup-shaped "flowers" are axillary, the petal-like appendages greenish-white, sometimes pink.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblong
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    This plant have small leaves with reddish green tint and are round or oblong. Some have a large dark spot on the leaf blade as well as small teeth on the margins.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Milky white sap
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Problems:
    Contact Dermatitis
    Poisonous to Humans
    Weedy
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    CAUSES ONLY LOW TOXICITY IF EATEN. SKIN IRRITATION MINOR OR LASTING ONLY FOR A FEW MINUTES. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea when ingested; redness, swelling, blisters after some delay following contact with skin and exposure to sunlight.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Diterpene esters in milky latex
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Sap/Juice
    Seeds
    Stems