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Cornus alba

Common Name(s):

Description

Tartarian dogwood is a small tree in the Cornaceae family.  It has an upright and loose form that arches with long unbranched stems as it agest.  It tends to sucker to form large colonies.  Plant in full sun to partial shade in moist, well-drained soil but it does tolerate a range of soil conditions. The best blood-red color on new stems so remove the oldest stems to encourage growth each winter before leaf-out.

Seasons of Interest:

       Foliage: Fall    Bloom: Spring     Twigs: Winter

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: Leaf miner and scale are less serious potential insect pests. When stressed, is susceptible to a large number of disease problems, most serious is dogwood anthracnose. Other diseases include powdery mildew, leaf spot, canker, root rot, and leaf & twig blight. It can also become vulnerable to borers. It is weedy and its suckering can make it difficult to remove so consider a planting site carefully.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#deciduous#fall color#birds#wildlife plant#weedy#spring flowers#winter interest#showy stems#specialized bees#red stems#blue fruits#pollinator plant#nesting sites#summer fruits#food source summer
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#deciduous#fall color#birds#wildlife plant#weedy#spring flowers#winter interest#showy stems#specialized bees#red stems#blue fruits#pollinator plant#nesting sites#summer fruits#food source summer
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Cornus
    Species:
    alba
    Family:
    Cornaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe to N. Korea
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruits are attractive to birds and plants provide nesting sites.  Members of the genus Cornus support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) Integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 8 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 5 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Erect
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Blue
    White
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Description:
    White to bluish drupe in summer
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Gold/Yellow
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Cross
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Modestly showy, yellowish-white flowers with 4 bracts in spring
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Dark green leaves; 2-4.5 in. long; reddish-purple fall color
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Grown particularly for its blood-red stems in winter. Stems can be long an unbranched.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Winter Garden
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees