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Cornus sanguinea

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
KOR-nus san-GWIN-ee-ah
Description

It suckers freely to form a colony with its multi-stemmed a dense, twiggy habit.  It is not a good candidate for a specimen plant rather use it in mass plantings.  Because it suckers and has fiberous roots it is more than easy to transplant.  It is very adaptable to a wide range of soils but prefers well-drained soil in the partial shade.   Red twigs provide winter interest.

Seasons of Interest:

   Foliage: Fall    Bloom: Summer, early   Fruit: Summer-Fall, red berries  Twigs: Winter

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems:  The Flowering dogwood, when stressed, is susceptible to a rather large number of disease problems, the most serious of which is dogwood anthracnose. This disease has caused considerable devastation in parts of the eastern U.S. The plants are also susceptible to powdery mildew, leaf spot, canker, root rot and leaf, and twig blight. Stressed trees also become vulnerable to borers. Leaf miner and scale are less serious potential insect pests. The foliage is browsed by white-tailed deer.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Midwinter'
  • 'Winter Beauty'
  • 'Winter Flame'
'Midwinter', 'Winter Beauty', 'Winter Flame'
Tags:
#bees#deciduous#fall color#small tree#wildlife plant#nectar plant#cover plant#winter interest#mass planting#showy stems#hedges#specialized bees#privacy#thickets#shrub border#screening#pollinator plant#suckers#nesting sites#bird friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Midwinter'
  • 'Winter Beauty'
  • 'Winter Flame'
'Midwinter', 'Winter Beauty', 'Winter Flame'
Tags:
#bees#deciduous#fall color#small tree#wildlife plant#nectar plant#cover plant#winter interest#mass planting#showy stems#hedges#specialized bees#privacy#thickets#shrub border#screening#pollinator plant#suckers#nesting sites#bird friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Cornus
    Species:
    sanguinea
    Family:
    Cornaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruits are attractive to birds and plants provide nesting sites.  Members of the genus Cornus support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 6 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 6 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Multi-stemmed
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Gold/Yellow
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    Dull white flowers in May to early June; flat-topped cyme; 0.25-in. purplish-black fruit in fall
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Dull, dark green leaves; 1.5-3 in. long; blood-red to greenish-purple fall color; sun-exposed stem color is red
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Showy red stems provide winter interest.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Screen/Privacy
    Security
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees