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Carpinus betulus is often confused with:
Carpinus caroliniana Carpinus Caroliniana
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Acer saccharum form and fall color
Acer griseum Acer griseum
Acer rubrum Acer rubrum

European Hornbeam Carpinus betulus

Other Common Name(s):

Description

Dense shade; smooth, gray, bark; also called Ironwood due to very hard wood; gold fall color.

Play Value: Wildlife Enhancement

Seed: Nut with bract

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Fastigiata'
  • 'Fran's Fountaine'
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#shade tree#wildlife plant#playground#children's garden#edible seeds#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Fastigiata'
  • 'Fran's Fountaine'
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#shade tree#wildlife plant#playground#children's garden#edible seeds#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Carpinus
    Species:
    betulus
    Family:
    Betulaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe to Iran
    Play Value:
    Edible fruit
    Shade
    Wildlife Food Source
    Dimensions:
    Height: 40 ft. 0 in. - 60 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 30 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Oval
    Pyramidal
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Male catkins; small nut
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    2.5-5 in. alternate, simple, sharply serrated leaf; yellow to yellowish-green fall color
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Bark Description:
    smooth, gray, bark
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Recreational Play Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Attracts:
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds