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Stinking Willie Trillium erectum

Phonetic Spelling
TRIL-ee-um ee-RECK-tum
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

 Wake-robin is a perennial wildflower native to North Carolina. In nature, it can be found in wooded slopes, usually at middle to high elevations. 

Perennial herb; stem unbranched with 3 leaves at the top; flower solitary, either erect above the leaves or pendant on a curved stalk, 3-parted, white, yellow, pink, or maroon-purple; fruit a berry.

Pedicellate flowers with fetid odor. It may take 15 years before a flower is produced. Leaves contain calcium oxalate crystals.

Plant in moist, acidic, humus-rich sand, clay, or loam soil with part sun to shade (sun in early spring). Suitable for wooded or naturalized areas. Sensitive to heat.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems.  Slugs and snails are occasional pests and leaf spot, rust and smut are occasional disease problems. It does not transplant well.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#acidic soil tolerant#dappled shade#food source summer#herbaceous perennial#red#maroon#rich soil#NC Native Pollinator Plant#food source nectar#Piedmont Mountains FACU#loamy soil#slopes#early summer flowers#red fruits#full shade#food source mid-summer#moth#perennial#odor#dappled sunlight#small flowers#wildflower garden#forests#white#summer fruits#summer flowers#sandy soil#part sun#part shade#forb#burgandy flowers#late spring flowers#shade garden#food source pollen#food source#red flowers#cutting garden#perennial flowers#berry#food source flowers#shade tolerant#green#moth larvae#green flowers#banks#yellow#herbaceous#piedmont#yellow flowers#bees#mid-summer flowers#woodlands#fruit#NC native#poisonous berries#mid-spring flowers#fruits#early spring flowers#pollinator plant#food source soft mast fruit#berries#food source herbage#native#native wildflower#burgundy#small plant#native perennial#acidic soil#deep shade#loamy soils tolerant#red berries#small mammals#loam#small and large mammals#mid-summer fruits#white flowers#poisonous#sandy soils tolerant#food source soft-mast fruit#spring interest#moths#malodorous#partial sun#shade flowers#mountains#audubon#clay soils tolerant#malodorus#maroon flowers#larval host plant#native garden#HS302#partial shade#wildlife plant#showy flowers#forest#moist soil#coastal FAC#summer interest#perennials#pollen plant#spring flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Trillium
    Species:
    erectum
    Family:
    Melanthiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Distribution:
    Forest or natural area in rich woods
    Wildlife Value:
    Bees and other pollinating insects enjoy the nectar from the flowers. Moths use this plant as a larval host. Small mammals enjoy the berries as a food source.
    Edibility:
    EDIBLE PARTS: Young, unfolding leaves HARVEST TIME: Only collect leaves from areas you know have NOT been treated with pesticides. SAFE HANDLING PROCEDURES: Wash leaves in warm water to remove dirt and debris. Do not use dish detergent or any type of sanitizer. These products can leave a residue. Cook in boiling, salted water for ten minutes and serve like greens. SOURCE: Crowhurst, A. 1972. The Weed Cookbook. Lancer Books, Inc. New York, 190 pp.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 0 ft. 8 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Wildflower
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    In North Carolina, fruits are available from July to August.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Pedicellate flowers with fetid odor. May take 15 years before a flower is produced. Variable flower color; red, white, maroon, pink, greenish yellow, purplish red; flower stalk may be erect, inclined or bent down; purple ovary. In North Carolina, flowers are available from April to June.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Broadly oval to almost diamond-shaped leaves; stalkless to nearly stalkless. Leaves contain calcium oxalate crystals.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Slope/Bank
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Shade Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Problems:
    Malodorous
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Unknown
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Unknown
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Roots