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Red-berried Greenbrier Smilax walteri

Previously known as:

  • Smilax china
Phonetic Spelling
SMIL-aks WAL-ter-ee
Description

Coral Greenbrier is a deciduous woody vine in the greenbrier family. It grows quickly from an elongated rhizome using tendrils.  It is found along pond margins and stream banks, and other places that are submersed for at least part of the year. In nature, it is specifically found in swamp forests and bogs where it is submersed for at least part of the year. This plant is heat tolerant. This plant produces red berries that persist into winter and is the only North Carolina Smilax with red fruit.

The species is not self-fertile as individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. It spreads primarily by rhizomes.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#woody vine#non-toxic for horses#sun tolerant#Coastal FACW#vine#food source nectar#sun#stream banks#wet soils tolerant#red fruits#flower#perennial#sunshine#winter fruits#deciduous#Coastal OBL#part sun#part shade#riparian#food source pollen#bird friendly#food source#full sun#pond margins#berry#winter interest#full sun flowers#coastal plant#pollinators#songbirds#deciduous vine#piedmont#yellow flowers#food source fall#wet sites#fruit#well-drained soil#NC native#flowering#non-toxic for dogs#native vine#fruits#food source soft mast fruit#berries#food source herbage#native#vines#mammals#native perennial#flowering vine#red berry#fall fruits#woody#coastal#small and large mammals#food source winter#flowers#spring interest#coastal areas#partial sun#audubon#native garden#partial shade#non-toxic for cats#moist soil#Piedmont Mountains OBL#full sunlight#fall interest#perennials#coast#spring flowers
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#woody vine#non-toxic for horses#sun tolerant#Coastal FACW#vine#food source nectar#sun#stream banks#wet soils tolerant#red fruits#flower#perennial#sunshine#winter fruits#deciduous#Coastal OBL#part sun#part shade#riparian#food source pollen#bird friendly#food source#full sun#pond margins#berry#winter interest#full sun flowers#coastal plant#pollinators#songbirds#deciduous vine#piedmont#yellow flowers#food source fall#wet sites#fruit#well-drained soil#NC native#flowering#non-toxic for dogs#native vine#fruits#food source soft mast fruit#berries#food source herbage#native#vines#mammals#native perennial#flowering vine#red berry#fall fruits#woody#coastal#small and large mammals#food source winter#flowers#spring interest#coastal areas#partial sun#audubon#native garden#partial shade#non-toxic for cats#moist soil#Piedmont Mountains OBL#full sunlight#fall interest#perennials#coast#spring flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Smilax
    Species:
    walteri
    Family:
    Smilacaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Root Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    South-central, southeastern, and east-central United States
    Distribution:
    East Texas, east to Florida and north to Maryland and New Jersey
    Wildlife Value:
    Pollinators enjoy the nectar from the flowers. Birds and small mammals enjoy the berries as a food source.
    Climbing Method:
    Tendrils
    Dimensions:
    Height: 5 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 6 ft. 0 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Vine
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Climbing
    Multi-stemmed
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Coarse
    Appendage:
    Prickles
    Tendrils
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    6-feet-12 feet
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Bright red, globular, shiny, berries remain on plant into the winter. They begin to display in the month of September and die down past November.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Insignificant
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Radial
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Tepals
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Yellow-brown flowers from April-May.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Oblong
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves may be deciduous or semievergreen, ovate-oblong, to ovate-lanceolate, with 3 prominent veins, thin, 2-4" ×1-3", the base is rounded, subcordate, or, sometimes wedge-shaped at petiole insertion. The upper leaf surfaces are green with paler green lower surfaces
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Stems are slender, woody, branching, glabrous with scattered prickles.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Pond
    Riparian
    Vertical Spaces
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Shade Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Barrier
    Screen/Privacy
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heat
    Heavy Shade
    Wet Soil
    Problems:
    Spines/Thorns