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Similar but less problematic plants:
Quercus virginiana Quercus virginiana
Quercus hemisphaerica is often confused with:
Quercus nigra Form
Quercus phellos Quercus phellos
Quercus virginiana Quercus virginiana
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Quercus phellos Quercus phellos
Quercus imbricaria Form
Quercus palustris Quercus palustris

Darlington oak Quercus hemisphaerica

Phonetic Spelling
KWER-kus hem-is-FEER-ih-ka
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Darlington Oak is an evergreen to a tardily deciduous native oak tree which grows rapidly to 60 feet or more and has a life span of about 50 years. It makes a good shade or street tree, is moderately salt-tolerant and prefers dry sandy soils.

The leaves generally stay on the tree until new leaves are formed in spring. The acorns are biennial and loved by wildlife. It is great for use in naturalized areas.

The relatively short life span of the tree and its susceptibility to diseases and rot with maturity make it somewhat less desirable for home use. However, it does grow fast to provide quick shade.

Consider Planting: Q. virginiana for better longevity

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#sun#shade tree#partial shade#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#native tree#tree#salt tolerant#street tree#coastal#small mammals#NC native#deer resistant#acorns#sandy soils tolerant#bird friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#sun#shade tree#partial shade#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#native tree#tree#salt tolerant#street tree#coastal#small mammals#NC native#deer resistant#acorns#sandy soils tolerant#bird friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Quercus
    Species:
    hemisphaerica
    Family:
    Fagaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Used for firewood or pulpwood.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    South East U.S.A. to Texas
    Distribution:
    AL , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , SC , TX , VA
    Wildlife Value:
    Mildly resistant to deer. Acorns are an important food source for wildlife. Oaks are a host plant for moths and butterflies.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Wildlife Nesting
    Edibility:
    Acorns (nuts) are edible after tannins are leached or boiled out.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 40 ft. 0 in. - 60 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 30 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Erect
    Pyramidal
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    1/2 inch long dark brown stemless acorns are biennial and have a gray cup with scales covering up to 1/3 of the nut.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Male flowers are produced in drooping greenish catkins. Female flowers are sessile or shore stalked.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    2-5 inch long by 1-1.5 inch wide leaves are leathery, shiny and dark green. Undersides are paler. The margins are entire and the base is rounded. They fall about the time new leaves start emerging.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Bark Description:
    The bark is dark brown with deep furrows producing flat ridges on mature trees. Young trees have smooth gray-brown bark.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Bud Terminal:
    Cluster of terminal buds
    Stem Lenticels:
    Not Conspicuous
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Stems are light brown to gray, hairless, with small lenticels. Buds are reddish-brown.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Lawn
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Specimen
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Humidity
    Salt
    Problems:
    Messy
    Poisonous to Humans
    Short-lived
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Stomach pain, constipation and later bloody diarrhea, excessive thirst and urination if young leaves or raw acorns eaten.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Gallotannins, quercitrin, and quercitin.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Leaves