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Hairy Solomon's-seal Polygonatum pubescens

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
po-lig-oh-NAY-tum pew-BES-senz
Description

Hairy Solomon's Seal  is a perennial wildflower native to eastern Canada and the U.S.A.  It is found in partial shade, to heavily shaded woodlands, slopes or thickets with average to moist rich soils. It is most commonly found in cove forests.  It can be confused with P. biflorum but it is smaller, it has hairs on the undersides of the leaves, and has a smaller number of flowers in clusters (1-3, vs. up to 12). This plant is sensitive to heat. This plant spreads slowly by rhizomes.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#hummingbirds#slopes#NC native#thickets#blue fruits#native wildflower#black fruits#wildflower garden#food source nectar#food source pollen#food source soft mast fruit#Piedmont Mountains FACU#Coastal FACU#butterflies#birds#audubon#woodlands
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#hummingbirds#slopes#NC native#thickets#blue fruits#native wildflower#black fruits#wildflower garden#food source nectar#food source pollen#food source soft mast fruit#Piedmont Mountains FACU#Coastal FACU#butterflies#birds#audubon#woodlands
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Polygonatum
    Species:
    pubescens
    Family:
    Asparagaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern Canada, central and eastern U.S.A.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Mountains
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Blue-black berry 1/4" diameter that becomes available August-October.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    fused petals
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    1-3 bell-shaped stalked yellow-green flower 1/2" long come from leaf axils. 6 flaring lobes hide the stamens. Flowers are difficult to see under leaves. Flowers bloom April-June.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Simple, narrow, lanceolate-elliptic 2"-5" long and 1"-2" wide. Entire margins, pointed or blunt at the tip. Upper side is hairless with parallel veins underside hairy.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Zig Zags
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Erect at the bottom but arches under the weight of leaves toward teh top. Unbranched, zig-zag form, almost hairless.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Shade Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heavy Shade