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Polygonatum

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
po-lig-oh-NAY-tum
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Solomon's Seal is a rhizomatous, erect or arching herbaceous perennial that grows up to 6.5' tall. This plant blooms in late spring on unbranched stems. It is propagated by division of rhizomes. It is used in woodland gardens and shady, naturalized areas. This plant is also a good landscape plant in flower gardens as cultivated herbaceous perennial. It does well in hardy zones 3-9. This plant prefers shade and cool, organically rich, moist soil. It is tolerant of deep shade. It has no serious pest or disease problems. 

P. commutatum (Giant Solomon's Seal) grows 6.5' tall and contains up to 8 flowers per axil. It forms in large groupings.

P. biflorum (Small Solomon's Seal) grows 3' tall and contains 1-3 flowers per axil. It is more suitable for small gardens.

P. odoratum 'Variegatum' is a small, variegated cultivar. 

Quick ID Hints:

  • Alternate leaves on unbranched arching stems
  • Tubular, nodding, yellow-green flowers in axils
  • Leaves are two-ranked, parallel-veined
See this plant in the following landscapes:
Asian Garden- Zen Garden Wild Side- A Shady Garden Asian Garden- Zen Garden
Cultivars / Varieties:
P. biflorum, P. humile, P. odoratum 'Goldilocks', P. odoratum 'Variegatum'
Tags:
#fragrant#showy flowers#fall color#showy berries#rain garden#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#white flowers#deep shade#shade tolerant#low maintenance#erosion control#wet sites#NC native#forest#native garden#woodland#naturalizes#edible garden#fantz#dry soils tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
P. biflorum, P. humile, P. odoratum 'Goldilocks', P. odoratum 'Variegatum'
Tags:
#fragrant#showy flowers#fall color#showy berries#rain garden#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#white flowers#deep shade#shade tolerant#low maintenance#erosion control#wet sites#NC native#forest#native garden#woodland#naturalizes#edible garden#fantz#dry soils tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Polygonatum
    Family:
    Asparagaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Root Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Temp. Northern Hemisphere
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Shade
    Edibility:
    Young shoots can be boiled for 10 minutes and served like asparagus. Whole shoots can be cut up and put into salad,
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 9 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Blue
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Pendulous, black-blue 1/4" berries dangle from the leaf axils in the fall.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are yellowish-green to white, tubular campanulate, axillary, and are on 1 to 3 peduncles, nodding, on underside of leafy stem. These fragrant flowers smell lily-like and bloom from late spring to early summer May-June.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Linear
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are usually alternate, upright, parallel-veined, distichate, simple, linear-lanceolate to elliptic-ovate, and entire. Leaves are 4" long and are attractive in flower arrangements. Leaves are sessile to short petiole.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Stems are unbranched, and erect to arching.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Slope/Bank
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Cutting Garden
    Rain Garden
    Shade Garden
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Erosion
    Heavy Shade
    Wet Soil
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Vomiting, diarrhea.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Anthraquinone
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits