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Iris cristata Iris cristata
Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum
Baptisia australis Baptisia australis
Polygonatum biflorum has some common insect problems:
Slugs & Snails on Ornamental Plants

Polygonatum biflorum

Phonetic Spelling
po-lig-oh-NAY-tum by-FLOR-um
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Solomon's seal is a native wildflower, growing in all areas of North Carolina except the southeastern coast. Grow it for its beautiful arching stems with perfectly oriented leaves. The small cream-colored flowers are borne in twos, as are the bluish-black, fleshy fruits.

It is a perennial herb with erect or arching, unbranched stems.  The leaves are in one plane.  The flowers are white, bell-shaped, 6-parted, with 1-2 hanging in the leaf axils.  The flowers are followed by a blue to black berry.

It is found in dry to moist, often rocky woods and thickets.  In the landscape flower garden grow as cultivated ornamental herbaceous perennial.  It does best in rich woodland soil but quite versatile, will do well in other natural areas.

Young shoots can be boiled for 10 minutes and served like asparagus. Whole shoots can be cut up and put into a salad.  The berries, if eaten are poisonous.  

The root is rhizomatous but non-colonizing.

Seed should be collected and sown in September.  If not sown when collected, treatment such as cold-moist stratification will be necessary.  Rhizome cuttings may lie dormant for up to one year.  Division can be done in the spring or fall when the plant is dormant.  

More information on Polygonatum.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Variegatum'
    Showy light green leaves edged with white.
Tags:
#white#butterflies#yellow#poisonous#partial shade#drought tolerant#spring#perennial#herbs#wildflowers#shade tolerant#native garden#pollinator plant#edible
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Variegatum'
    Showy light green leaves edged with white.
Tags:
#white#butterflies#yellow#poisonous#partial shade#drought tolerant#spring#perennial#herbs#wildflowers#shade tolerant#native garden#pollinator plant#edible
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Polygonatum
    Species:
    biflorum
    Family:
    Asparagaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Root Cutting
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern North America, North Carolina
    Wildlife Value:
    Roots consumed by mammals. Fruits attract birds.
    Edibility:
    Young shoots can be boiled for 10 minutes. Rootstock can be eaten after boiled for 20 minutes.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Blue
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Round bluish black berries, .25-.5"
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Green
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    0.5 in. bell-shaped, 6-parted greenish-white flowers produced in leaf axils hang downward
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Smooth
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblong
    Ovate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    8-17 veined leaves.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Zig Zags
    Stem Description:
    Unbranched stem, erect or arching. 1-5' tall.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rain Garden
    Rock Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Vomiting, diarrhea.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Anthraquinone
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits