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Peony Paeonia hybrids

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
py-OH-nee-ah HY-brids
Description

Peonies are the answer to any who has a romantic inclination. They are a delicate flower with a beauty all of their own. They look amazing in bouquets and arrangements and are essential for any garden that wants that Victorian feel. It will indeed capture your heart, sweep you off your feet and you will love this flower for eternity. 

Peonies are herbaceous perennials often planted for their very large, extremely fragrant flowers.  Plant them in an area that gets good air circulation, not up against a home or a wall.  They like some afternoon shade and will require quite a bit of water in the early part of the growing season to establish their leaves and flower buds.  They can take quite a while to establish and often will not produce flowers for the first year or two.  Once established however plants can live for decades.  Each plant will bloom for about 7-10 days in the late spring to early summer so planting a variety of peonies with staggered bloom time will help extend the season.  They can be divided in the fall and spread around the landscape.  Plants may require support for double flowers especially if they become wet with rain.  The foliage remains attractive through the fall.

Peonies grow well in the mountains and cooler Piedmont but languish in warm areas because their chilling requirement is difficult meet.  They do best in zones 5-7 but can grow in zones 3-8.  If you are in a warm area, plant low chill types, such as 'Edulis Superba', 'Felix Crousse','Festiva Maxima', 'Mons. Jules Elie' and 'Sarah Bernhardt' on cool, north-facing slopes. Overly shaded sites can inhibit flowering. This plant is outcompeted by tree roots when planted close to trees. This plant is often utilized as a specimen plant, in massing, and as cut flowers. This plant does well in full sun to light shade and prefers deep, fertile soils that are well-drained.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Ants may be present on flower buds but are totally harmless.  Shake or dunk flowers before bringing them inside.  Good air circulation discourages fungal diseases.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Herbs with gigantic flowers of various colors
  • Flowers multi-petaled
  • Leaves pinnately compound
See this plant in the following landscapes:
Flowers Galore Plant Walls and Hedges Backyard Patio Rock & Water Garden Herb & Flower Cottage Garden Palm House and Gardens
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Edulis Superba'
    Low chill hour requirement
  • 'Felix Crausse'
    Low chill hour requirement
  • 'Festiva Maxima'
    Low chill hour requirement
  • 'Mons. Jules Elie'
    Low chill hour requirement
  • 'Paul M. Wilder'
    Fushia blooms
  • 'Raspberry Sundae'
    Large, light pink blooms
  • ‘Red Magic’
  • 'Sarah Bernhardt'
    Low chill hour requirement
'Edulis Superba', 'Felix Crausse', 'Festiva Maxima', 'Mons. Jules Elie', 'Paul M. Wilder', 'Raspberry Sundae', ‘Red Magic’, 'Sarah Bernhardt'
Tags:
#fragrant#showy flowers#fragrant flowers#wildlife plant#showy#cut flowers#rabbit resistant#cpp#deer resistant#delicate#delicate colors#beautiful#weddings#fantz#butterfly friendly#HS302#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Edulis Superba'
    Low chill hour requirement
  • 'Felix Crausse'
    Low chill hour requirement
  • 'Festiva Maxima'
    Low chill hour requirement
  • 'Mons. Jules Elie'
    Low chill hour requirement
  • 'Paul M. Wilder'
    Fushia blooms
  • 'Raspberry Sundae'
    Large, light pink blooms
  • ‘Red Magic’
  • 'Sarah Bernhardt'
    Low chill hour requirement
'Edulis Superba', 'Felix Crausse', 'Festiva Maxima', 'Mons. Jules Elie', 'Paul M. Wilder', 'Raspberry Sundae', ‘Red Magic’, 'Sarah Bernhardt'
Tags:
#fragrant#showy flowers#fragrant flowers#wildlife plant#showy#cut flowers#rabbit resistant#cpp#deer resistant#delicate#delicate colors#beautiful#weddings#fantz#butterfly friendly#HS302#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Paeonia
    Species:
    hybrids
    Family:
    Paeoniaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts butterflies and pollen-eating beetles.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Perennial
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Fruits are a dry spreading follicle with a suture that splits open (dehiscing) to release one or a few fleshy black seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Flower Petals:
    7 - 20 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are solitary to several, 3-6" in diameter, very fragrant, cup shaped, single to semi-double to double, and are variously colored in anthocyanin or carotenoid pigments. They have 5 sepals that are green in color. Flowers have 5-10 petals, are broad, obovate, and obtuse. There are numerous stamens on some petaloids. There are 2-8 pistils.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are basal and cauline, alternate, and pinnately compound. Leaflets are elliptic to lanceolate, entire, sometimes lobed, and 6-8" long.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Thick soft twigs.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Garden for the Blind
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Rabbits
    Problems:
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses