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Tarajo Ilex latifolia

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
EYE-leks lat-ih-FOE-lee-ah
Description

Ilex latifolia is a large, densely pyramidal evergreen shrub or small tree up to 23ft tall. It requires both male and female plants to produce berries. This plant is drought-tolerant, shade-tolerant has shiny leaves, and is an excellent evergreen specimen, hedge, or espalier. 'Mary Nell' produces a heavy set of red fruit. The fruits are on short penuncles in axillary clusters of surrounding stems and leaves are used in orient for tea. This plant has no serious pests.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Fruit in axillary clusters surrounding twigs.
  • Large, evergreen, coriaceous, serrate, oblong leaf
  • Black gland at tip of every tooth
  • Some leaves are convex and some are not
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Mary Nell'
  • 'Purple Power'
Tags:
#bees#evergreen#small tree#drought tolerant#green#shrub#red berries#wildlife plant#yellow-green#shade tolerant#nectar plant#berries#specialized bees#pest resistant#deer damage#tea#pollinator plant#fantz#berry#bird friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Mary Nell'
  • 'Purple Power'
Tags:
#bees#evergreen#small tree#drought tolerant#green#shrub#red berries#wildlife plant#yellow-green#shade tolerant#nectar plant#berries#specialized bees#pest resistant#deer damage#tea#pollinator plant#fantz#berry#bird friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ilex
    Species:
    latifolia
    Family:
    Aquifoliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southern Japan, China
    Wildlife Value:
    Flowers attract bees and fruits are enjoyed by birds. Members of the genus Ilex support the following specialized bee: Colletes banksi.
    Play Value:
    Buffer
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Deer damage
    Dimensions:
    Height: 20 ft. 0 in. - 23 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 7 ft. 0 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Pyramidal
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Deep, dull orange-red globose berry borne in dense clusters that persist into spring and are less than 1" wide and 1" long. Fruits are on short penduncles in axillary clusters surrounding stems.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Waxy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblong
    Obtuse
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are alternate and simple with a lustrous dark green color above and a yellow green color below. Leaves are oblong to ovate-oblong, obtuse or shortly acuminate, serrate with black gland at end of each tooth, and coriaceous. They grow between 3"-7" and 1 1/2"-3" wide.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Barrier
    Border
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Screen/Privacy
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer