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Atlantic White Cedar Chamaecyparis thyoides

Other Common Name(s):

Description

The Chamaecyparis thyoides is an evergreen tree that may grow 60 to 80 feet tall.  The foilage is scale-like and blue/green in color. The bark is fibrous with intersection flat ridges, which sometimes spiral along the stem.  It is native to freshwater swamps, bogs and wet woods along the Atlantic coast from Maine to Florida and along the Gulf coast from Florida to Mississippi.

Mature bark of the Atlantic White Cedar is reddish brown. The wood has excellent resistance to decay and has been used for a number of purposes including boat construction, shingles and posts.

 

Seasons of Interest: 

     Leaves: Evergreen      Bloom:  Spring      Fruit/Seed/Nut:  Cone

 

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  With the Atlantic White Cedar there are no serious insect or disease problems. It does have some susceptibility to juniper blight, root rot and certain insect pests such as bagworms.  This tree is frequently damaged by white tailed deer.

 

 

Cultivars:
  • Barton
  • Rubicon
Tags:
#butterflies#evergreen#wildlife plant#larval food#cover plant#playground#host#ncemgva2018#highly beneficial coastal plants#fire#high flammability#children's garden
Cultivars:
  • Barton
  • Rubicon
Tags:
#butterflies#evergreen#wildlife plant#larval food#cover plant#playground#host#ncemgva2018#highly beneficial coastal plants#fire#high flammability#children's garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Chamaecyparis
    Species:
    thyoides
    Family:
    Cupressaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    United States
    Fire Risk Rating:
    high flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    This tree provides cover for wildlife during the winter and extreme weather. It is also a larval plant for butterflies.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Dimensions:
    Height: 30 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 30 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Fruit Description:
    It produces yellow pollen-bearing cones which are found at the stem ends. It's seed bearing cones formed in clusters emerge purple but mature to brown.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    The Atlantic White Cedar has red-yellow male flowers and small green female flowers that mature in the spring.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Green
    White
    Leaf Feel:
    Prickly
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    The scale-like adult leaves and needle-like juvenile leaves of the Atlantic White Cedar are a soft blue green with needle-like foliage with white markings. The leaf is flattened having irregular sprays in dense bunches with sharp, pointed tips.
  • Bark:
    Bark Description:
    The bark is fibrous with intersection flat ridges, which sometimes spiral along the stem.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Children's Garden
    Native Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Diseases
    Wet Soil