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Chamaecyparis thyoides is often confused with:
Thuja occidentalis Thuja occidentalis
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Juniperus virginiana Juniperus virginiana
Ilex opaca Ilex opaca
Pinus taeda Growing in a stand

Atlantic White Cedar Chamaecyparis thyoides

Other plants called Atlantic White Cedar:

Previously known as:

  • Chamaecyparis henryae
  • Chamaecyparis thyoides var. henryae
  • Cupressus thyoides L.
  • Cupressus thyoides L. ssp. henryae
Phonetic Spelling
kam-ee-SIP-a-riss thy-OY-deez
Description

Atlantic White Cedar is an evergreen tree in the cypress family that may grow 60 to 80 feet tall with a diameter of 2 ft.  The foliage is scale-like and green to blue/green in color.  The bark is fibrous with intersected flat ridges, which sometimes spiral along the stem. In NC it is found in the coastal plain along bogs, streams, swamps and other wet sites. They tend to be the dominant species in wet forests.

The Atlantic White Cedar prefers sandy, peaty, moist to wet soil in full sun to part shade and tends to grow on small mounds, with water pooling in the depressions surrounding them. Use this plant in wet areas with poor drainage along ponds, streams or boggy sites.

 

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  With the Atlantic White Cedar there are no serious insect or disease problems. It does have some susceptibility to juniper blight, root rot and certain insect pests such as bagworms.  This tree is frequently damaged by white tailed deer.

 

VIDEO Created by Elizabeth Meyer for "Trees, Shrubs and Conifers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Barton', 'Ericoides', 'Heatherbun', 'Rariflora', 'Rubicon', 'Shiva'
Tags:
#evergreen#wildlife plant#native tree#cover plant#wetlands#playground#ncemgva2018#highly beneficial coastal plants#fire#NC native#children's garden#edible garden#larval host plant#food source winter#cover#butterfly friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Barton', 'Ericoides', 'Heatherbun', 'Rariflora', 'Rubicon', 'Shiva'
Tags:
#evergreen#wildlife plant#native tree#cover plant#wetlands#playground#ncemgva2018#highly beneficial coastal plants#fire#NC native#children's garden#edible garden#larval host plant#food source winter#cover#butterfly friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Chamaecyparis
    Species:
    thyoides
    Family:
    Cupressaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Wood is used to make shingles, posts and boats.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern U.S.A
    Distribution:
    AL , CT , DE , FL , GA , MA , MD , ME , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , PA , RI , SC , VA
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    This treeĀ provides cover for wildlife during the winter and extreme weather. It is also a larval plant for Hessel's Hairstreak butterfly. Deer browse on this plant in the winter.
    Play Value:
    Fragrance
    Screening
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Edibility:
    Edible
    Dimensions:
    Height: 60 ft. 0 in. - 80 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 30 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Conical
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasional Flooding
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    more than 60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3b, 3a, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    It produces yellow pollen-bearing cones which are found at the stem ends. Its seed-bearing cones form in clusters, emerging purple but maturing to brown. They are 1/4" in diameter and have a crumpled appearance.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    The Atlantic White Cedar has red-yellow male flowers and small green female flowers that mature in the spring.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Green
    White
    Leaf Feel:
    Prickly
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Leaf Shape:
    Acicular
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    The scale-like adult leaves and needle-like juvenile leaves are a soft green to blue-green with conspicuous resinous glands. The leaf is flattened, having irregular, overlapping sprays in dense bunches with sharp, pointed tips. Each scale is roughly 1/8" long.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Red/Burgundy
    Surface/Attachment:
    Peeling
    Ridges
    Bark Description:
    The light reddish-brown bark is fibrous with intersection flat ridges, which sometimes spiral along the stem. The bark easily peels off in strips.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Description:
    Branchlets are brown, terete or rhombic in cross-section, in fan-shaped sprays, covered in leaves
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Pond
    Riparian
    Landscape Theme:
    Rain Garden
    Water Garden
    Design Feature:
    Screen/Privacy
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Diseases
    Wet Soil