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Chamaecyparis

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
kam-ee-SIP-a-riss
Description

This genus consists of cypress-like conifers native to North American coasts and temperate East Asia.  They are extensively used as ornamental evergreen landscape trees.

VIDEO Created by Elizabeth Meyer for "Trees, Shrubs and Conifers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
C. obtusa, C. pisifera, C. thyoides
Tags:
#evergreen#conifer#winter interest#tsc#fall interest#summer interest#spring interest#evergreen tree#tsc-cg
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
C. obtusa, C. pisifera, C. thyoides
Tags:
#evergreen#conifer#winter interest#tsc#fall interest#summer interest#spring interest#evergreen tree#tsc-cg
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Chamaecyparis
    Family:
    Cupressaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Grafting
    Root Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America, East Asia
    Distribution:
    Introduced to Europe
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 99 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Conical
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    more than 60 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a, 10b, 10a, 11a, 11b, 12a, 12b, 13b, 13a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    No true fruit– female seed-bearing cones are green when immature turning to brown.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Good Dried
    Showy
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    No true flowers– the pollen bearing cones are small and often reddish, growing from the branch tips.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    White
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Long-lasting
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Needles
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Rhomboidal
    Subulate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Scale-like or awl-like leaves arranged around the branches. Many species have white markings on the underside that aid in identification. Branches may lay flat or spiral around. Some cultivars have yellow coloring.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Red/Burgundy
    Surface/Attachment:
    Patchy
    Shredding
    Bark Description:
    Often reddish-brown with either fibrous or blocky bark.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Riparian
    Design Feature:
    Barrier
    Foundation Planting
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Rabbits
    Salt