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Centrosema virginianum

Phonetic Spelling
sen-TROH-seem-uh vir-jin-ee-AN-um
Description

An herbaceous perennial with a wide native range, growing from the tropical and subtropical Americas up to the eastern US.  In NC, it can be found in pine forests and coastal uplands.  It grows by either trailing along the ground or twining around vertical structures.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#drought tolerant#purple flowers#NC native#vines#trailing#twining vine#vertical spaces#butterflies#pea-shaped flowers
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#drought tolerant#purple flowers#NC native#vines#trailing#twining vine#vertical spaces#butterflies#pea-shaped flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Centrosema
    Species:
    virginianum
    Family:
    Fabaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Climbing Method:
    Twining
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Vine
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Climbing
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    A flat pod.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Irregular
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Purple 1.5 in Clitoria-like flowers with a white central spot. Blooms throughout summer.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Alternately arranged compound leaves with three leaflets each.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Thin, flexible stems that allow the plant to trail and climb.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Vertical Spaces
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought