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Sugar Hackberry Celtis tenuifolia

Other plants called Sugar Hackberry:

Description

The Celtis tenuifolia is a small native deciduous tree or large shrub in the Cannabaceae family.  Its bark is gray and smooth with small warts.

Regions: Piedmont

Seasons of Interest:

     Bloom: Spring, April-May     Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Fall

Wildlife Value:  This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer.  Host plant for the American Snout, Mourning Cloak, Question Mark, Hackberry Emperer and Tawny Emperer.  Three species of butterflies feed on the leaves as larvae: Hackberry EmperorTawny Emperor, and American Snout.  Many birds and small mammals eat the fruits.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: This plant will not tolerate full shade.

 

 

You may also be intrested in: Celtis laevigataCeltis occidentalis

Cultivars:
Tags:
#deciduous#small tree#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#host plant#sweet fruit#low flammability#fire resistant
Cultivars:
Tags:
#deciduous#small tree#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#host plant#sweet fruit#low flammability#fire resistant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Celtis
    Species:
    tenuifolia
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    fire in the landscape.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Sand
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Description:
    Many birds and small mammals eat the fruits. Drupes, red, orange brown
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    The flowers of the Dwarf Hackberry are insignificant, monecious, occurring either singularly or in small clusters. This species is wind-pollinated and appears to be self-compatible. The fruit is a berry-like drupe, 5 to 8 millimeters in diameter, consisting of a single stone encased within a thin, sweet mesocarp. From green, it becomes a light orange, then a dark red, then purplish-brown. This edible drupe with smooth outer skin and a pulpy yellow inside is relished by small mammals and birds.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Smooth
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves of the Dwarf Hackberry are alternate, simple, elliptical, and ovate. They have broad, heavily toothed to smooth margins, and sand papery. They are similar to common hackberry (C. occidentalis) but has slightly narrower leaves that are more regularly toothed at the base. Dwarf Hackberry are cordate (heart-shaped) at the base, while common hackberry usually are not. The winter buds are brown and hairy, similar to those of other hackberries, but smaller, only 1 to 2 centimeters long. Terminal buds absent.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No