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Buxus

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
BUK-sus
Description

Boxwoods are originally from Europe and Asia and are shrubs.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Leaves opposite, apex or retuse apices
  • Stems square
  • Leaves with white pubescence along midrib below
  • Leaves about 1" long
  • Malodorous

 

VIDEO Created by Elizabeth Meyer for "Trees, Shrubs and Conifers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Coastal Rain Garden
Cultivars / Varieties:
Buxus 'Green Gem', Buxus 'Green Mountain', Buxus 'Green Velvet', Buxus harlandii, Buxus microphylla, Buxus microphylla var. japonica, Buxus microphylla var. japonica 'Borderline', Buxus sempervirens, Buxus sempervirens 'Arborescens', Buxus sempervirens 'Aureovariegata', Buxus sempervirens 'Elegantissima', Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa', Buxus sempervirens 'Vardar Valley', Buxus sinica
Tags:
#tsc-s
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Buxus 'Green Gem', Buxus 'Green Mountain', Buxus 'Green Velvet', Buxus harlandii, Buxus microphylla, Buxus microphylla var. japonica, Buxus microphylla var. japonica 'Borderline', Buxus sempervirens, Buxus sempervirens 'Arborescens', Buxus sempervirens 'Aureovariegata', Buxus sempervirens 'Elegantissima', Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa', Buxus sempervirens 'Vardar Valley', Buxus sinica
Tags:
#tsc-s
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Buxus
    Family:
    Buxaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe and Asia
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Perennial
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Description:
    Flowers have a malodorous smell and attract dogs. Flowers are monoecious.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    White
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Orbicular
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    This plant has apex/ retuse apices and sometimes have notches. Under the leaf, they have a white midrib.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Square
    Stem Description:
    Stems feel square-shaped.
  • Landscape:
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy