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Buxus

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
BUK-sus
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Boxwoods are originally from Europe and Asia and are shrubs.  They are one of the oldest known garden plants dating back to 4000 B.C.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Leaves opposite, apex or retuse apices
  • Stems square
  • Leaves with white pubescence along midrib below
  • Leaves about 1" long
  • Malodorous

 

VIDEO Created by Elizabeth Meyer for "Trees, Shrubs and Conifers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscapes:
Coastal Rain Garden Michael McCarthy Memorial Garden, All Saints Episcopal, Concord
Cultivars / Varieties:
Buxus 'Green Gem', Buxus 'Green Mountain', Buxus 'Green Velvet', Buxus harlandii, Buxus microphylla, Buxus microphylla var. japonica, Buxus microphylla var. japonica 'Borderline', Buxus sempervirens, Buxus sempervirens 'Arborescens', Buxus sempervirens 'Aureovariegata', Buxus sempervirens 'Elegantissima', Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa', Buxus sempervirens 'Vardar Valley', Buxus sinica
Tags:
#tsc#tsc-s#mccarthy memorial garden
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Buxus 'Green Gem', Buxus 'Green Mountain', Buxus 'Green Velvet', Buxus harlandii, Buxus microphylla, Buxus microphylla var. japonica, Buxus microphylla var. japonica 'Borderline', Buxus sempervirens, Buxus sempervirens 'Arborescens', Buxus sempervirens 'Aureovariegata', Buxus sempervirens 'Elegantissima', Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa', Buxus sempervirens 'Vardar Valley', Buxus sinica
Tags:
#tsc#tsc-s#mccarthy memorial garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Buxus
    Family:
    Buxaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe and Asia
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Perennial
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers have a malodorous smell and attract dogs. Flowers are monoecious.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    White
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Orbicular
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    This plant has apex/ retuse apices and sometimes have notches. Under the leaf, they have a white midrib.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Square
    Stem Description:
    Stems feel square-shaped.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    English Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Rabbits
    Problems:
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Skin irritation minor or lasting only for a few minutes. If ingested, can cause nausea, diarrhea, dizziness and vomiting. Dogs and cats: vomiting, diarrhea; Horses: colic, diarrhea, respiratory failure, seizures.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Steroidal alkaloids
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Leaves