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Ilex crenata 'Helleri'

Description

Heller Holly is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 5' and is a dwarf form of Ilex crenata. It is dense, rigid, and compact with a spreading mound and has non-showy, greenish-white flowers in the spring and small black drupe in the fall on female plants. Fruit is modestly produced. The plant withstands heavy pruning and can be used for topiary. It tolerates poor, sandy, and clay soils. It prefers the shade and is tolerant of pollution. It is intolerant to Alkaline soils and is easily transplanted. It has a slow growth rate and has known pest problems.

Quick ID Hints:

  • This is a dwarf mounding shrub that grows up to 4ft tall.
  • Leaves are alternate, crenate, evergreen, and small (2/5"-1" long).
  • Leaves are dotted with black glands on the undersurface.

More information on Ilex crenata.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#white#evergreen#white flowers#green#wildlife plant#slow growing#slow growth#shade tolerant#nectar plant#clay soil#air pollution tolerant#playground#specialized bees#sandy soil#easy to transplant#children's garden#pollinator plant#black fruits#garden
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#white#evergreen#white flowers#green#wildlife plant#slow growing#slow growth#shade tolerant#nectar plant#clay soil#air pollution tolerant#playground#specialized bees#sandy soil#easy to transplant#children's garden#pollinator plant#black fruits#garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ilex
    Species:
    crenata
    Family:
    Aquifoliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Wildlife Value:
    The small fragrant flowers attract bees and other pollinators. Members of the genus Ilex support the following specialized bee: Colletes banksi. Berries provide a food source for birds.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Mildly resistant to damage by deer.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Erect
    Mounding
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Small, globose, berry-like black drupe in fall on female plants. Fruit is modestly produced and slightly more than 1/5".
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Insignificant
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are rarely observed in clusters of 1-3 and are 1/5" in length. Non-showy greenish-white flowers in spring. Flower inflorescence is pistillate a cyme and staminate solitary in leaf axils of current season's growth.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Smooth
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Long-lasting
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Oblong
    Obovate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Small, alternate, simple, flat dark green leaves that are 1/2" long. The underside is dotted with blackish pellucid glands.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Stems are green on the current season growth and turn gray-green to gray-brown by year 2 or 3. Young stems are often densely pubescent.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Recreational Play Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Hedge
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer