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Berchemia scandens

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ber-KEE-mee-ah SKAN-dens
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

This is a woody vine of the Buckthorn family with tough stems, greenish-white flowers and blue fruits. It trails along the ground or twines around trees and shrubs in ravines, swamps, bottomlands and upland forests, mainly in the coastal plains. 

Cultivars:
Tags:
#deciduous#poisonous#drought tolerant#showy#low maintenance#vines#woody vine#blue fruits
Cultivars:
Tags:
#deciduous#poisonous#drought tolerant#showy#low maintenance#vines#woody vine#blue fruits
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Berchemia
    Species:
    scandens
    Family:
    Rhamnaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Vines can be used for making wicker products
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    US
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA
    Wildlife Value:
    This plant is modertely resistant to damage from deer.  It's fruits are high in calcium and are eaten by songbirds, small mammals and some large mammals during the winter.
    Climbing Method:
    Twining
    Edibility:
    Not edible by humans but eaten by some birds and mammals
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Vine
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Climbing
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Blue
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Small fleshy, blue-black fruit, longer than wide and slightly flattened to 1/4 inch across in autumn
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Small greenish-white flowers bloom in open terminal clusters
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves from 1 to 2 1/2 inches long, with prominent veins branching from the midrib with rounded or pointed tip
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Smooth stems up to 1 inch in diameter. The main stem even larger.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Shade Garden
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
  • Poison:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Unknown, but caution since related to some known toxic plants
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    unknown
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits