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Rattanvine Berchemia scandens

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ber-KEE-mee-ah SKAN-dens
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Supplejack, or Rattanvine, is a climbing, deciduous vine. The leaves are alternate with a finely toothed to smooth margin. The bark is gray to green and often mottled. In late spring, small, light green flowers mature. The vine produces a dark blue drupe that matures in late fall.

This is a woody vine of the Buckthorn family with tough stems, greenish-white flowers and blue fruits. It trails along the ground or twines around trees and shrubs in ravines, swamps, bottomlands and upland forests, mainly in the coastal plains. 

Fire Risk: This plant has an extreme flammability rating and should not be planted within the defensible space of your home.  Select plants with a low flammability rating for the sites nearest your home. 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fruit#deciduous#poisonous#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#showy#low maintenance#food source#fire#extreme flammability#NC native#vines#woody vine#blue fruits#native vine#food source fall
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fruit#deciduous#poisonous#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#showy#low maintenance#food source#fire#extreme flammability#NC native#vines#woody vine#blue fruits#native vine#food source fall
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Berchemia
    Species:
    scandens
    Family:
    Rhamnaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Vines can be used for making wicker products
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern Central & SE. U.S.A., Mexico (Chiapas) to Guatemala
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA
    Fire Risk Rating:
    extreme flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    It's fruits are high in calcium and are eaten by songbirds, small mammals and some large mammals during the winter.
    Climbing Method:
    Twining
    Edibility:
    Not edible by humans but eaten by some birds and mammals
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Vine
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Climbing
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Blue
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Small fleshy, blue-black fruit, longer than wide and slightly flattened to 1/4 inch across in autumn
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Small greenish-white flowers bloom in open terminal clusters
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves from 1 to 2 1/2 inches long, with prominent veins branching from the midrib with rounded or pointed tip
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Smooth stems up to 1 inch in diameter. The main stem even larger.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Shade Garden
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Unknown, but caution since related to some known toxic plants
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    unknown
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits