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Vitis rotundifolia

Common Name(s):
Muscadine Grape
Categories:
Edible Plants, Native Plants, Vines
Comment:

The Vitis rotundifolia, commonly called the Muscadine Grape is a deciduous climbing vine.  The leaves are alternate with 3 lobes and a coarsely toothed margin.  The bark is smooth and dark greenish-brown in young vines.  As the vine ages, the bark turns dark brown in color and develops verticle grooves.  Small greenish-white flowers mature in auxiliary panicles in summer.  The vine produces 1/2 to 1 inch, dark purple or bronze, thick-skinned berry.  Other grapes have smaller berries.

This plant needs a male and female or perfect flowering cultivar to produce fruit.  It has a yellow fall color.

Regions:  Mountain, Piedmont, Coastal plains

Seasons of Interest: 

  Blooms:  Summer            Nut/Fruit/Seed:   Fall 

Wildlife Value:  This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer.  Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, ruffed grouse, wild turkeys, small mammals, squirrels, white-tailed deer, raccoons, foxes and black bear.  Thickets provide nesting cover for songbirds.

 

Height:
15-30 ft.
Flower:
The Muscadine Grape has small greenish-white flowers that mature in auxiliary panicles in the summer.
Zones:
6-8
Habit:
Tendrils; twining stems
Texture:
Fine to medium
Exposure:
Sun to partial shade
Fruit:
Berries
Growth Rate:
Rapid
Climbing Method:
Tendrils; twining stems
Tags:
coastal, edible, decidious, fall color, grapes

NCCES plant id: 2824

Muscadine Grapes on vine
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