- Common Name(s):
- Purple Coneflower
- Native Plants, Perennials, Wildflowers
"Echinacea" is derived from the Greek word echinos which means sea-urchin or hedgehog, refering to the pointy cone found in the center of flowers in this genus.
Coneflower is one of the toughest perennials, tolerating dry, droughty soil and hot summer sun; after a big summer display plants flower sporadically until frost; both the pink and white cultivars make good cut flowers. It is a favorite nectar source for bees and butterflies while in bloom, and the seeds provide a much needed winter food source for birds. This plant is resistant to damage by deer.
- Summer into early fall
- 1-3 ft.
- Flower Color:
- Rose pink or white with gold centers
- USDA Hardiness Zone 3-8
- Simple or branched, often bristly, hairy stem; leaves are roughish above and sharply toothed; basal leaves are 3-8 in. long, egg-shaped, 5-veined and stalked; upper leaves are lance-shaped, stalkless, and much smaller
- 2.5-5 in. flower head; 12-20 drooping rays; cone-shaped disk
- Well-drained soil; sun; dry, open woods
- Division in spring, root cuttings
- Full sun to partial shade
- Well-drained, drought tolerant
- Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain
- Eastern USA
- Life Cycle:
NCCES plant id: 707