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Zinnia Zinnia peruviana

Other plants called Zinnia:

Previously known as:

  • Crassina multiflora
  • Zinnia multiflora
  • Zinnia pauciflora
Phonetic Spelling
ZIN-ya per-u-vee-AN-uh
This plant is an invasive species in North Carolina
Description

Zinnia peruviana is a fast-growing, quick blooming tropical species and southwestern US native annual that has been classified as a weed.  It is often grown in gardens, where its self-seeding nature allows it to be propagated by the wind out of that setting and into other locations.  It can be found growing along roadsides, disturbed locations, wastelands, and pastures.    It performs best in full sun, shady locations will cause diminished flowing.  Water regularly, however, do not overwater. 

Plants are not typically commercially available at garden centers as a choice for your home garden.  Seeds are available for purchase.  They can also be collected from plants.  Allow the seed heads to dry on the plant before collecting.

These plant have a short taproot.  The flowers are typically single on the solitary erect, purple-green stem, each flower having 6-15 ray florets and 12-50 disc florets.  The stems are mostly unbranched, rough and have fine coarse hairs.  

The fruit is called a cypsela, which is a dry single-seeded fruit formed from a double ovary of which only one develops into a seed.

Makes an excellent choice for xeriscaping, pollinator and conservation gardens.

Its blooms are frequented by Danaus glippus (Queen), Heliconius charithonia Linnaeus (Zebra Longwing), and Leptophobia aripa butterflies.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Aphids and thrips are occasional issues.

 VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. 

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Andes Jewel'
    Grows well in cooler climates.
'Andes Jewel'
Tags:
#annual#weed#herbaceous#NC native#self-seeding#wildflower garden#xeriscaping#herbaceous annual#native#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Andes Jewel'
    Grows well in cooler climates.
'Andes Jewel'
Tags:
#annual#weed#herbaceous#NC native#self-seeding#wildflower garden#xeriscaping#herbaceous annual#native#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Zinnia
    Species:
    peruviana
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southwestern U.S.A., Mexico, Venezuela, Argentina
    Distribution:
    AZ, FL, FA, NC, SC
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts butterflies
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Herb
    Weed
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Dense
    Erect
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    A small, single-seeded fruit.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Dark reddish-orange flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Rough
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves have 3-5 veins.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Description:
    Typically unbranched, rough and having fine, coarse hairs.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Naturalized Area
    Patio
    Small Space
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Cutting Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Problems:
    Invasive Species