Plant DetailShow Menu

Zinnia marylandica

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ZIN-ya mar-i-LAND-ih-ka
Description

Zinnia is an erect, annual herb in the Asteraceae (daisy) family. This plant is native to Mexico and the southwestern United States and grows 1 to 2 feet tall and 6 inches to 1 foot wide. Zinnia marylandica is a hybrid between Zinnia angustifolia and Zinnia violacea,  created with the goal of developing a disease-resistant plant with unique flower colors and plant habits.

Zinnia grows in full sun to partial shade in soils ranging from clay and sand to organic and loamy. This plant needs good drainage and moist conditions. Zinnia is easy to start from seed indoors in spring or outdoors after the chance of frost has passed. It is also commonly available from greenhouses in 6-packs. Deadhead to prolong the bloom season. It is resistant to powdery mildew. 

This low-maintenance, heat- and drought-tolerant, colorful annual is a must for the garden. Its showy, yellow or orange flowers bloom from summer until the first frost and make excellent cut flowers. Plants are compact and bushier than standard varieties.

Place this plant as an accent in the front and center of the border, in containers, or anywhere long-lasting blooms are desired. Mass planting is encouraged for borders or walkways in butterfly, pollinator, drought-tolerant, and cottage gardens. 

Quick ID Hints: 

  • Stem and leaves are green
  • Leaf type is simple
  • Leaf arrangement is opposite
  • Leaves have smooth margins

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Ensure proper spacing between plants to prevent powdery mildew and keep them disease-free.

 VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. 

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Double Zahara Cherry'
    Double flowers, 1-2' tall, dense, compact
  • 'Double Zahara Fire'
    Double, orange blooms. 1-2' tall.
  • 'Double Zahara Strawberry'
    Double, rose-pink flowers. 1-2' tall
  • 'Profusion Double Hot Cherry'
    Double, rose colored blooms
  • 'Profusion Double Yellow'
    Double, yellow blooms
  • 'Zahara Fire'
    Red bloom, 2-3' tall
  • 'Zahara Sunburst'
    12-18" with Orange or yellow flowers
  • 'Zahara Yellow'
    12-18", Yellow blooms
  • 'Zahara Yellow'
    Yellow blooms, 12-18" tall
  • 'Zaraha Starlight Rose'
    White flowers with rose stripes, 1-2' tall
'Double Zahara Cherry', 'Double Zahara Fire', 'Double Zahara Strawberry', 'Profusion Double Hot Cherry', 'Profusion Double Yellow', 'Zahara Fire', 'Zahara Sunburst', 'Zahara Yellow', 'Zahara Yellow', 'Zaraha Starlight Rose'
Tags:
#showy flowers#heat tolerant#annuals#drought tolerant#yellow flowers#orange flowers#low maintenance#cottage garden#long bloom time#annual flowers#cutting garden#pollinator plant#flowers mid-summer#mildew resistant#border front#flowers late summer#walkway planting#patio planting#butterfly friendly#flowers early fall#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#container plant#accent
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Double Zahara Cherry'
    Double flowers, 1-2' tall, dense, compact
  • 'Double Zahara Fire'
    Double, orange blooms. 1-2' tall.
  • 'Double Zahara Strawberry'
    Double, rose-pink flowers. 1-2' tall
  • 'Profusion Double Hot Cherry'
    Double, rose colored blooms
  • 'Profusion Double Yellow'
    Double, yellow blooms
  • 'Zahara Fire'
    Red bloom, 2-3' tall
  • 'Zahara Sunburst'
    12-18" with Orange or yellow flowers
  • 'Zahara Yellow'
    12-18", Yellow blooms
  • 'Zahara Yellow'
    Yellow blooms, 12-18" tall
  • 'Zaraha Starlight Rose'
    White flowers with rose stripes, 1-2' tall
'Double Zahara Cherry', 'Double Zahara Fire', 'Double Zahara Strawberry', 'Profusion Double Hot Cherry', 'Profusion Double Yellow', 'Zahara Fire', 'Zahara Sunburst', 'Zahara Yellow', 'Zahara Yellow', 'Zaraha Starlight Rose'
Tags:
#showy flowers#heat tolerant#annuals#drought tolerant#yellow flowers#orange flowers#low maintenance#cottage garden#long bloom time#annual flowers#cutting garden#pollinator plant#flowers mid-summer#mildew resistant#border front#flowers late summer#walkway planting#patio planting#butterfly friendly#flowers early fall#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#container plant#accent
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Zinnia
    Species:
    marylandica
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Mexico, southwestern USA
    Wildlife Value:
    Attract butterflies and other pollinators
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Colorful
    Defines Paths
    Easy to Grow
    Textural
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Powdery mildew
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Herb
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    11a, 11b, 12a, 12b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Achene
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Long Bloom Season
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Radial
    Flower Petals:
    7 - 20 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Showy yellow or orange flowers that bloom from summer until the first frost and make excellent cut flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Oblanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Bright green simple opposite, lanceolate to ovate leaves with smooth margins.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Patio
    Small Space
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Diseases
    Drought
    Heat