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Zinnia angustifolia

Phonetic Spelling
ZIN-ee-ah an-gus-tih-FOH-lee-ah
Description

Narrow-leaf Zinnia or Mexican Zinnia, is a compact, bushy annual in the daisy family native to Mexico.  It typically grows 8-16” tall on hairy, branching stems. It features a profuse summer to frost bloom of single, daisy-like, bright orange flowers that attract butterflies. Cultivars extend the available flower colors to include red, orange, yellow, pink, white, and bi-colors. Plant in a sunny location in well-draining to slightly dry clay or loam soils.  Some addition of organic matter in the form of compost before planting will improve the quality of these plants.   These showy plants have a high drought tolerance and are seldom damaged by deer.   Plant them in mass in a pollinator garden, along a border or near a patio.  They work well in containers or hanging baskets, lining a walkway or in a cutting or cottage themed garden.  

Quick ID

  • Imbricated, obtuse involucral bracts
  • Opposite, sessile, narrow linear-lanceolate leaves
  • Leaves typically 1-veined
  • Heads small, single row white-yellow ray flowers

 VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. 

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Canary Bird'
    Yellow flowers
  • 'Classic'
    8-12" single blooms, spreading habit. Continuous flowering until frost. Ideal for hot, humid locations.
  • 'Crystal White'
    Narrow leafed. Bushy, compact plant
  • 'Crystal Yellow'
    Yellow flowers, 14" tall - 12" spread
  • 'Orange Star'
    Orange daisy-like flowers
  • 'Pette Land White'
    White flowers
  • 'Profusion Orange'
    Orange flowers
  • 'Star Gold'
    12-18" with Orange blooms
  • 'White Star'
    Low, mounded shape. 1'x1'
'Canary Bird', 'Classic', 'Crystal White', 'Crystal Yellow', 'Orange Star', 'Pette Land White', 'Profusion Orange', 'Star Gold', 'White Star'
Tags:
#hummingbirds#white#sun#yellow#partial shade#annual#drought tolerant#orange#fall interest#cpp#summer flowers#deer resistant#long bloom time#spring interest#pollinator plant#fantz#dry soils tolerant#butterfly friendly#nectar plant mid-summer#nectar plant late summer#nectar plant early fall#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#black walnut toxicity tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Canary Bird'
    Yellow flowers
  • 'Classic'
    8-12" single blooms, spreading habit. Continuous flowering until frost. Ideal for hot, humid locations.
  • 'Crystal White'
    Narrow leafed. Bushy, compact plant
  • 'Crystal Yellow'
    Yellow flowers, 14" tall - 12" spread
  • 'Orange Star'
    Orange daisy-like flowers
  • 'Pette Land White'
    White flowers
  • 'Profusion Orange'
    Orange flowers
  • 'Star Gold'
    12-18" with Orange blooms
  • 'White Star'
    Low, mounded shape. 1'x1'
'Canary Bird', 'Classic', 'Crystal White', 'Crystal Yellow', 'Orange Star', 'Pette Land White', 'Profusion Orange', 'Star Gold', 'White Star'
Tags:
#hummingbirds#white#sun#yellow#partial shade#annual#drought tolerant#orange#fall interest#cpp#summer flowers#deer resistant#long bloom time#spring interest#pollinator plant#fantz#dry soils tolerant#butterfly friendly#nectar plant mid-summer#nectar plant late summer#nectar plant early fall#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#black walnut toxicity tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Zinnia
    Species:
    angustifolia
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Northern and western Mexico
    Distribution:
    South and Central America, the West Indies, the United States, Australia, and Italy
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts butterflies.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Colorful
    Easy to Grow
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Drought, Dry Soil, Black Walnut. Excellent disease resistance to fungal diseases such as powdery mildew and leaf spots.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Dense
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11a, 11b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Long Bloom Season
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Wheel
    Flower Petals:
    7 - 20 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    The inflorescence is a composite head on terminal elongated peduncles; heads small, to 1" in diameter; involucral bracts imbricated, broadly obtuse. Flowers are typically single, of limited color as well as have actinomorphic symmetry; ray flowers in one series, showy, conspicuous, to 6" long, white or yellow, reflexed with age; disc flowers yellow, prominent.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Rough
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are opposite, sessile, subclasping, linear to linear-lanceolate, entire, acute, base trucate to weakly subcordate; leaves to 1" wide with 1 midrib vein.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Container
    Hanging Baskets
    Naturalized Area
    Patio
    Small Space
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Cutting Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Black Walnut
    Deer
    Diseases
    Drought
    Dry Soil