Plant DetailShow Menu

Zinnia angustifolia

Phonetic Spelling
ZIN-ee-ah an-gus-tih-FOH-lee-ah
Description

Zinnia angustifolia, commonly called narrow-leaf zinnia or Mexican zinnia, is a compact, bushy annual that typically grows 8-16” tall on hairy, branching stems. It features a profuse summer to frost bloom of single, daisy-like, bright orange flowers. Cultivars extend the available flower colors to include red, orange, yellow, pink, white, and bi-colors. High drought tolerance. This plant is seldom damaged by deer.  Cultivars of interest include:  Cascade Beauties Series (white and yellow to 10" tall), Crystal Series (compact to 10" tall) and
Star Series (star-shaped flowers to 14" tall).

Quick ID

  • Imbricated, obtuse involucral bracts
  • Opposite, sessile, narrow linear-lanceolate leaves
  • Leaves typically 1-veined
  • Heads small, single row white-yellow ray flowers
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Classic'
    8-12" single blooms, spreading habit. Continuous flowering until frost. Ideal for hot, humid locations.
  • 'Crystal White'
  • 'Crystal Yellow'
  • 'Golden'
  • 'Golden Orange'
  • 'Gold Star'
    12-18" with Orange blooms
  • 'Orange Star'
  • 'Pette Land White'
  • 'White Star'
Tags:
#hummingbirds#white#sun#yellow#partial shade#annual#drought tolerant#orange#fall interest#cpp#summer flowers#deer resistant#spring interest#pollinator plant#fantz#dry soils tolerant#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#black walnut toxicity tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Classic'
    8-12" single blooms, spreading habit. Continuous flowering until frost. Ideal for hot, humid locations.
  • 'Crystal White'
  • 'Crystal Yellow'
  • 'Golden'
  • 'Golden Orange'
  • 'Gold Star'
    12-18" with Orange blooms
  • 'Orange Star'
  • 'Pette Land White'
  • 'White Star'
Tags:
#hummingbirds#white#sun#yellow#partial shade#annual#drought tolerant#orange#fall interest#cpp#summer flowers#deer resistant#spring interest#pollinator plant#fantz#dry soils tolerant#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#black walnut toxicity tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Zinnia
    Species:
    angustifolia
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Northern and western Mexico, Southeastern USA
    Distribution:
    South and Central America, the West Indies, the United States, Australia, and Italy
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts butterflies.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Colorful
    Easy to Grow
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Drought, Dry Soil, Black Walnut. Excellent disease resistance to fungal diseases such as powdery mildew and leaf spots.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Dense
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11a, 11b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Long Bloom Season
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Wheel
    Flower Petals:
    7 - 20 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Inflorescence is a head on terminal elongated peduncles; heads small, to 1" in diameter; involucral bracts imbricated, broadly obtuse. Flowers are typically single, of limited color; ray flowers in one series, showy, conspicuous, to 6" long, white or yellow, reflexed with age; disc flowers yellow, prominent.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Rough
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long Bloom Season
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are opposite, sessile, subclasping, linear to linear-lanceolate, entire, acute, base trucate to weakly subcordate; leaves to 1" wide with 1 midrib vein.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Container
    Hanging Baskets
    Naturalized Area
    Patio
    Small Space
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Cutting Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Black Walnut
    Deer
    Diseases
    Drought
    Dry Soil