Plant DetailShow Menu

Veratrum viride

Phonetic Spelling
VER-uh-trum VEER-ih-dee
This plant has high severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

False Hellebore is a native erect perennial herb found in the mountains of NC. It grows in swamps, wet woods, meadows, forest or natural areas in moist woods and along stream banks.  All parts of the plant are poisonous if large amounts are ingested. 

The leaves are broad and strap-like, clasping at the base and with conspicuous parallel veins. The flowers appear in panicles of small saucer-shaped yellow-green blooms. It needs shade to part shade and moist, rich soils. The plant spreads by rhizomes and seeds.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#poisonous#perennial#wildflowers#shade garden#meadow#wet sites#swamps#native garden#woodland
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#poisonous#perennial#wildflowers#shade garden#meadow#wet sites#swamps#native garden#woodland
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Veratrum
    Species:
    viride
    Family:
    Melanthiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America
    Distribution:
    AK , AL , CA , CT , DC , DE , GA , ID , MA , MD , ME , MN , MT , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OR , PA , RI , TN , VA , VT , WA , WV , WY Canada: NB , NL , NS , QC
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Poisonous
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Frequent Standing Water
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    The fruit splits into three sections at maturity to release the numerous flat seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Saucer
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Numerous small, downy, yellow-green flowers on branching stem
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Rough
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    6 to 12-inch lance-shaped leaves end in a sharp point and are strongly ribbed with parallel veins. They clasp onto a stout, downy stem.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Pond
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Shade Garden
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Wet Soil
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    High
    Poison Symptoms:
    Burning of mouth and throat, salivation, headache, stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, sweating, convulsions
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Steroidal alkaloids
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Stems