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Vaccinium macrocarpon

Phonetic Spelling
vak-SIN-ee-um ma-kro-KAR-pum
Description

Native low-growing vine, groundcover or trailing shrub, usually grown in wet bog conditions. Plant these 2' apart, they are self-pollinating.  Red cranberries mature in September-October.  Grow in a mixed boarder in front of other acid loving plants like azaelas and rhododendrons that share the same acidic soil requirements. 

Bogs, marshes, damp, acidic (pH 4.0-5.2) organically rich soils in full sun.

Major food source for Native Americans and continued food source today.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Cranberries are subject to chlorosis problems if soil pH is too high.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Pilgrim'
Tags:
#bees#sun#showy flowers#wildlife plant#nectar plant#native bees#boggy#showy fruits#wet sites#specialized bees#food source#dense#glossy leaves#red fruits#native garden#edible fruits#leathery#native groundcover#edible garden
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Pilgrim'
Tags:
#bees#sun#showy flowers#wildlife plant#nectar plant#native bees#boggy#showy fruits#wet sites#specialized bees#food source#dense#glossy leaves#red fruits#native garden#edible fruits#leathery#native groundcover#edible garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Vaccinium
    Species:
    macrocarpon
    Family:
    Ericaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Was and continues to be a food source for Native Americans.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    NE North America
    Distribution:
    CA , CT , DE , IL , IN , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OR , PA , RI , TN , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV Canada: NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC
    Wildlife Value:
    Berries are eaten by birds and mammals and it also attracts pollinators. Members of the genus Vaccinium support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Conandrena) bradleyi, Andrena (Andrena) carolina, Panurginus atramontensis, Habropoda laboriosa, Colletes productus, Colletes validus, and Osmia (Melanosmia) virga.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Food Source
    Edibility:
    Edible berries
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 7 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Ground Cover
    Native Plant
    Vine
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Horizontal
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    High
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Description:
    Round red fruit in early to mid-fall (September).
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Showy small fuchsia pink flower stalks develop from stem tips Each bloom has four thin white petals that are acutely reflexed, exposing a dark, elongated central cone of 8-10 fused stamens.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    White
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Purple/Lavender
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Small glossy leaves are bronze in spring and green in summer. Undersides are whitish. Fall color varies from copper to purple.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Pond
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Wet Soil