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Vaccinium

Description

This genus encompasses shrubs of a number of fruits including blueberries and cranberries. Many species are native to North America, including NC, and grow well in our local climate and acidic soils.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

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See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
V. angustifolium, V. arboreum, V. corymbosum, V. crassifolium, V. elliottii, V. formosum, V. fuscatum, V. macrocarpon, V. myrsinites, V. oldhamii, V. pallidum, V. stamineum, V. tenellum, V. virgatum
Tags:
#perennial#white flowers#shrub#acidic soil#pink flowers#berries#red fruits#bush#blue fruits#edible fruits#ebh-fn
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
V. angustifolium, V. arboreum, V. corymbosum, V. crassifolium, V. elliottii, V. formosum, V. fuscatum, V. macrocarpon, V. myrsinites, V. oldhamii, V. pallidum, V. stamineum, V. tenellum, V. virgatum
Tags:
#perennial#white flowers#shrub#acidic soil#pink flowers#berries#red fruits#bush#blue fruits#edible fruits#ebh-fn
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Vaccinium
    Family:
    Ericaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Distribution:
    Worldwide
    Play Value:
    Edible fruit
    Edibility:
    All fruits in this genus are safe to eat, though a few are not palatable. Most are sweet and/or tart and many, including blueberries and cranberries, are grown commercially for their fruit.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Perennial
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Creeping
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit shape, color, and size varies with species with many being dark blue or bright red. They all have a distinct "crown" of 4-5 parts on the blossom end.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Solitary
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Urn
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    fused petals
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers vary but are often small and urn-shaped with fused petals.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Non-distinct leaves, often elliptic to ovate. Underside may be lighter. Often has bright fall color.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No