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Vaccinium stamineum

Description

Vaccinium stamineum, commonly called deerberry, highbush huckleberry or squaw huckleberry, is a loosely-branched deciduous shrub of variable size that typically grows to 3-6’ tall but may infrequently soar to as much as 15’ tall. It is native to dry rocky or sandy woods, ridges, upland slopes and glades in North America from Maine to southern Ontario to Kansas south to Florida and Texas.  The bark is gray-brown to reddish-brown and very shreddy.

It is a low maintenance, and once established a drought tolerant, low water use plant.  

Deer reportedly eat the ripe fruit off the shrub hence the common name of deerberry.

Regions:  Mountain, Piedmont, Coastal plains

Seasons of Interest:

     Bloom: Spring-Summer, April-June   Foliage: Fall     Fruit/Seed/Nut:  Fall

Wildlife Value: This plant in moderately resistant to damage from deer.  It is a host plant for the Brown Elfin butterfly.  Adult butterflies nectar from the blooms.  It's fruits are eaten by songbirds, small mammals, ruffed grouse, wild turkeys and black bears.   

Members of the genus Vaccinium support the following specialized bees:Andrena (Conandrena) bradleyiAndrena (Andrena) carolinaPanurginus atramontensisHabropoda laboriosaColletes productusColletes validus, and Osmia (Melanosmia) virga.

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  Chlorosis (yellowing of leaves) may occur in high pH soils. Potential but infrequent disease problems include stem blight, root rot, anthracnose, cane cankers, mildew and botrytis. Disease problems are sometimes of lesser concern when plants are being primarily grown as ornamentals. Watch for azalea stem borer, fall webworm, scale, and tent caterpillars.

Cultivars:
Tags:
#butterflies#deciduous#fall color#songbirds#wildlife plant#low maintenance#fall interest#hedge#naturalize#mammals#low water use#low flammability#fire resistant
Cultivars:
Tags:
#butterflies#deciduous#fall color#songbirds#wildlife plant#low maintenance#fall interest#hedge#naturalize#mammals#low water use#low flammability#fire resistant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Vaccinium
    Species:
    stamineum
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    fire in the landscape.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Pink
    White
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Design Feature:
    Hedge
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Songbirds