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Gaylussacia dumosa

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
gay-luh-SAY-shee-uh doo-MO-suh
Description

Dwarf Huckleberry is a 2-foot deciduous shrub. The leaves are alternate with a fuzzy margin and yellow resin dots on the underside. A tiny pointed tip occurs on the end of all adult leaves. The bark is gray-brown and finely peeling. Small, white to pale pink flowers mature in the spring. The shrub produces a small, blue to black drupe that matures in late summer. The fruit is edible.

The drupes are edible by humans and wildlife alike and mature late summer into fall. It is sometimes confused with a blueberry plant and the blooms are very similar being bell-shaped and white. However, the fruits of the blueberry are much preferred over Huckleberries for edibility.

 

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#semi-evergreen#wildlife plant#native shrub#host plant#host#low water use#food source#fire#medium flammability#NC native#woodland#food source summer#food source fall#fruits#butterfly friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#semi-evergreen#wildlife plant#native shrub#host plant#host#low water use#food source#fire#medium flammability#NC native#woodland#food source summer#food source fall#fruits#butterfly friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Gaylussacia
    Species:
    dumosa
    Family:
    Ericaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    West Virginia to South East U.S.A
    Distribution:
    USA: AL , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , LA , MA , MD , ME , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , WV Canada: NB , NL , NS , PE
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    It is a host plant for Henry Elfin's butterfly. Butterflies are attracted to its blooms. Its fruits are eaten by birds and mammals such as raccoon, gray fox, red fox, skunk, chipmunk, and squirrel. Dwarf huckleberry is also eaten by roughed grouse, wild turkey, and quail.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Edibility:
    Fruit - raw or cooked and used as a pie filling etc.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Erect
    Rounded
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Blue
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Description:
    The fruit is a berry with 10 nutlets, each carrying one seed. It is shiny blue-black in color. Displays in late summer and fall.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    The cream-colored, 5 petaled, blooms appear in early spring and are borne on racemes at the end of branchlets. Similar to blueberry blooms.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Obovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leathery leaves are 1 inch long and widest towards the tip with a fuzzy margin. The lower surface is glandular with yellow resin dots.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Peeling
    Bark Description:
    Its bark is gray-brown and finely peeling.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    The twigs are usually copiously pubescent with short, curly hairs.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies