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Symphyotrichum novae-angliae

Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Aster novae-angliae
Phonetic Spelling
sim-fy-oh-TRY-kum NO-vee ANG-lee-a
Description

New England Aster is a herbaceous perennial that may grow 3 to 7 feet tall. The leaves are alternate, rough, and hairy. The leaves have a smooth margin. The stem is fuzzy. Large, purple flowers with a yellow center mature from August to October. The herb produces a dry seed (achene) that matures in the late fall.

Showy deep pink-purple flowers are attractive to wildlife including bees and butterflies and also make great cut flowers for arrangements. Tolerates clay soil and makes a great addition to a rain garden. Plants can be cut to the ground after flowering to promote strong new growth.  Good air circulation will help prevent foliar diseases.

Fire Risk: This plant has a medium flammability rating. 

Seasons of Interest: 

     Blooms: Late Summer/Fall; Fruit/Seed/Nut: Late Fall/Winter

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Pinehurst Greenway Pollinator Habitat Garden, Moore County
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Purple Dome'
'Purple Dome'
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#fall color#rain garden#perennial#wildlife plant#honey bees#cut flowers#native bees#fall interest#small mammals#specialized bees#herb garden#food source#fire#medium flammability#NC native#Pearl Crescent butterfly#native garden#Monarch butterfly#native wildflower#wildflower garden#larval host plant#food source winter#food source fall#Coastal OBL#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#Piedmont Mountains FACW#bird friendly#food source hard mast fruit#butterfly friendly#HS302#pollinator garden#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Purple Dome'
'Purple Dome'
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#fall color#rain garden#perennial#wildlife plant#honey bees#cut flowers#native bees#fall interest#small mammals#specialized bees#herb garden#food source#fire#medium flammability#NC native#Pearl Crescent butterfly#native garden#Monarch butterfly#native wildflower#wildflower garden#larval host plant#food source winter#food source fall#Coastal OBL#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#Piedmont Mountains FACW#bird friendly#food source hard mast fruit#butterfly friendly#HS302#pollinator garden#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Symphyotrichum
    Species:
    novae-angliae
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern North America
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Host plant for the Pearl Crescent (Phyciodes tharos) caterpillars which have several broods and appear from April through November in the north and throughout the year in the deep south and Mexico. Flower nectars are attractive to bees and adult Pearl Crescent butterflies (including migrating Monarchs). Songbirds and small mammals eat the seeds. Members of the genus Symphyotrichum support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) asteris, Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) asteroides, Andrena (Cnemidandrena) hirticincta, Andrena (Cnemidandrena) nubecula, Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) placata, Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) simplex, and Colletes simulans.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Moderate deer resistance.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 7 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Achene
    Fruit Description:
    The herb produces a dry seed (achene) that displays from October to November.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Flower Description:
    Large, purple flowers with a yellow center mature from August to October.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Rough
    Velvety
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate, rough, and hairy. The leaves have a smooth margin.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    The stem is fuzzy.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rain Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer